E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India

Usha Rani S Padmanabha, Puneeth N, Nalam Udayakiran.

Abstract
Background: As an emerging epidemic of the 21st century, diabetes would threaten to overwhelm the health-care system in the coming years posing a major challenges to patients and national economies. Currently, 415 million adults are found to be diabetic which is likely to cross 642 million by 2040. Awareness and health-seeking behavior are important in the reduction of burden of the disease and its long-term complications.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus among the general and diabetic population in the rural community of Mangalore.

Materials and Methods: A Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in rural population among subjects aged 35 years and above. Based on the prevalence rate of 16.6% by Rao et al., 226 subjects were interviewed by systematic random sampling method, and among them, 64 were found to be diabetic at the time of the survey.

Results: Of 226 persons interviewed, 28.8% were aware of symptoms, 31.9% were aware of risk factors, and among them, majority were aware of increased intake of sweets in association with diabetes, and 49.6% were aware of warning signs of hypoglycemia. Only 22.6% were aware of complications of diabetes. Mean awareness score was 21.23 among diabetics than compared with the general population, 17.07 (P < 0.05). Overall awareness of diabetes among the subjects was found to be <50%.

Conclusion: The study highlighted the low awareness status in this population for which there is a need for an effective health education program in the community in prevention and long-term control of diabetes.

Key words: Awareness; Rural Population; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Padmanabha URS, N P, Udayakiran N. Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 462-467. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018


Web Style

Padmanabha URS, N P, Udayakiran N. Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=292679 [Access: October 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Padmanabha URS, N P, Udayakiran N. Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 462-467. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Padmanabha URS, N P, Udayakiran N. Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited October 22, 2018]; 7(6): 462-467. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018



Harvard Style

Padmanabha, U. R. S., N, P. & Udayakiran, N. (2018) Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (6), 462-467. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018



Turabian Style

Padmanabha, Usha Rani S, Puneeth N, and Nalam Udayakiran. 2018. Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 462-467. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018



Chicago Style

Padmanabha, Usha Rani S, Puneeth N, and Nalam Udayakiran. "Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 462-467. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Padmanabha, Usha Rani S, Puneeth N, and Nalam Udayakiran. "Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.6 (2018), 462-467. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Padmanabha, U. R. S., N, P. & Udayakiran, N. (2018) Awareness of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in rural population of Mangalore, South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 462-467. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307013032018





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