E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls

Iswarya Santhanakrishnan, Varshini Athipathy.

Abstract
Background: The term “menstruation’” creates a social stigma even today and this is due to misconceptions resulting in unfortunate health outcomes. Studies have proven that reproductive tract infections are due to poor menstrual hygiene. This can be corrected by providing proper health education to the adolescents. This study was planned to assess the effect of health education about menstrual hygiene to the adolescent girls.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess knowledge and practices regarding menstruation among adolescent school girls and its improvement after health education.

Materials and Methods: The interventional study was conducted from June to September 2016, at PSG Public Schools, Coimbatore. After obtaining informed consent, all the girls who have attained menarche and who were willing to participate were included in the study. Baseline data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. 1 week after baseline assessment, health education on menstrual hygiene was delivered using powerpoint and video presentations for duration of 1 h. Follow-up data were collected after 3 months using the same self-administered questionnaire.

Results: The girls had improvement (91%) in knowledge regarding the cause for menstruation. The frequency of changing pads was significantly higher (86%) at the follow-up. A significant proportion of girls dried their undergarments in sunlight (82%) compared to (75%) at the baseline. Nearly 74% of the girls washed their hands with soap after changing the sanitary napkin compared to 41% before the intervention. There was a significant improvement in a number of students washing their genitals every time using the toilet (30% at baseline to 66% during follow-up).

Conclusion: The health education program resulted in improvement of knowledge and menstrual hygiene practices among adolescent school girls. Thus, adding menstrual hygiene as part of the curriculum may break this culture of silence.

Key words: Menstrual Hygiene; Adolescence; Health Education


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Santhanakrishnan I, Athipathy V. Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 468-473. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018


Web Style

Santhanakrishnan I, Athipathy V. Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=293755 [Access: June 20, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Santhanakrishnan I, Athipathy V. Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 468-473. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Santhanakrishnan I, Athipathy V. Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited June 20, 2018]; 7(6): 468-473. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018



Harvard Style

Santhanakrishnan, I. & Athipathy, V. (2018) Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (6), 468-473. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018



Turabian Style

Santhanakrishnan, Iswarya, and Varshini Athipathy. 2018. Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 468-473. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018



Chicago Style

Santhanakrishnan, Iswarya, and Varshini Athipathy. "Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 468-473. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Santhanakrishnan, Iswarya, and Varshini Athipathy. "Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.6 (2018), 468-473. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Santhanakrishnan, I. & Athipathy, V. (2018) Impact of health education on menstrual hygiene: An intervention study among adolescent school girls. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 468-473. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0307920032018





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