E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound

Fatima Omer, Mohamed M Abuzaid, Muna Ali, Mohamed Elfadil.

Abstract
Background: Diabetes during pregnancy is associated with many congenital anomalies such as macrosomia. Early detection and appropriate follow-up during pregnancy can improve the pageant women health and reduce the risk factors.

Objectives: The objectives of this study are to assess the ultrasound detection rate of congenital fetal malformations in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (DM).

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study contains 460 diabetic pregnant women. Age, weight, body mass index (BMI), previous miscarriage, termination of pregnancy, stillbirth, previous cesarean section, type of diabetes (Types 1 or 2). Ultrasound scan performed for all women at least once during the study period, between 16 and 24 weeks of gestation.

Results: During the study period, 460 pregnant women with preexisting DM performed pregnancy checkup and antenatal ultrasound. The mean age of patients in the study population was 40 years, BMI was obviously high 31 kg/m2 (standard deviation 7 kg/m2), and 61.5 of the women were obese to overweight. A total of one anomaly (0.22%) was present in the fetuses of diabetic women (P < 0.001), and the anomalies diagnosed by ultrasound was spinal defects.

Conclusion: The findings of this study suggested that all pregnant women regardless their location and economic status should follow their pregnancy with the proper. Proper follow-up and screening will improve the pregnancy outcome and reduce the adverse reaction of diabetic during pregnancy.

Key words: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus; Pregnancy; Ultrasound; Congenital Fetal Malformations


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Omer F, Abuzaid MM, Ali M, Elfadil M. Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(8): 675-677. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018


Web Style

Omer F, Abuzaid MM, Ali M, Elfadil M. Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=298034 [Access: December 17, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Omer F, Abuzaid MM, Ali M, Elfadil M. Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(8): 675-677. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Omer F, Abuzaid MM, Ali M, Elfadil M. Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited December 17, 2018]; 7(8): 675-677. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018



Harvard Style

Omer, F., Abuzaid, . M. M., Ali, . M. & Elfadil, . M. (2018) Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (8), 675-677. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018



Turabian Style

Omer, Fatima, Mohamed M Abuzaid, Muna Ali, and Mohamed Elfadil. 2018. Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (8), 675-677. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018



Chicago Style

Omer, Fatima, Mohamed M Abuzaid, Muna Ali, and Mohamed Elfadil. "Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 675-677. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Omer, Fatima, Mohamed M Abuzaid, Muna Ali, and Mohamed Elfadil. "Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.8 (2018), 675-677. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Omer, F., Abuzaid, . M. M., Ali, . M. & Elfadil, . M. (2018) Survey of health status and congenital abnormality detection among diabetic pregnant women using ultrasound. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (8), 675-677. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0413817052018





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