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Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates

Rauf ur-Rashid Kaul, Javid ahmad, Tufeel ahad baba, Sheikh Shoib:, Ashfaq ahmad, Mohd. ashraf, rafiq ahmad.

Abstract
Background: Anemia is a major public health problem in developing countries like India and is especially seen among women of childbearing age, during pregnancy and lactation. Nearly two-thirds of pregnant and one-half of non-pregnant women in developing countries have anemia, which increases the risk of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity.

Aims and objectives: The study was designed to assess the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women and to report the socio-demographic factors associated with anemia during pregnancy.

Material & methods:This is a Cross sectional study. The study was conducted in Block Hajan, the rural field practice area under the department of community medicine, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) Soura. 482 pregnant women were examined and screened for anemia. Haemoglobin level, age, education, income, type of family and parity were among the various variables studied.Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test using SPSS statistical package version(Chicago 11,IL).

Results: A high prevalence (91%) of anemia (Hb<11g/dl) was observed. The prevalence of anemia was significantly higher in those aged ≥ 35 years. A highly significant association was found with womans age, parity, educational and socio-economic status. However, family type and birth interval were not significantly associated with anaemia.

Conclusion:There is a high prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and there is need for correcting this to improve the overall health of pregnant women.

Key words: Pregnant women, Anaemia, Haemoglobin and Rural area.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kaul Ru, ahmad J, baba Ta, Shoib: S, ahmad A, ashraf M, ahmad r. Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 814-818. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131


Web Style

Kaul Ru, ahmad J, baba Ta, Shoib: S, ahmad A, ashraf M, ahmad r. Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=37075 [Access: October 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kaul Ru, ahmad J, baba Ta, Shoib: S, ahmad A, ashraf M, ahmad r. Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 814-818. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kaul Ru, ahmad J, baba Ta, Shoib: S, ahmad A, ashraf M, ahmad r. Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited October 22, 2018]; 2(4): 814-818. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131



Harvard Style

Kaul, R. u., ahmad, J., baba, T. a., Shoib:, S., ahmad, A., ashraf, M. & ahmad, r. (2013) Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (4), 814-818. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131



Turabian Style

Kaul, Rauf ur-Rashid, Javid ahmad, Tufeel ahad baba, Sheikh Shoib:, Ashfaq ahmad, Mohd. ashraf, and rafiq ahmad. 2013. Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 814-818. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131



Chicago Style

Kaul, Rauf ur-Rashid, Javid ahmad, Tufeel ahad baba, Sheikh Shoib:, Ashfaq ahmad, Mohd. ashraf, and rafiq ahmad. "Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 814-818. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kaul, Rauf ur-Rashid, Javid ahmad, Tufeel ahad baba, Sheikh Shoib:, Ashfaq ahmad, Mohd. ashraf, and rafiq ahmad. "Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.4 (2013), 814-818. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kaul, R. u., ahmad, J., baba, T. a., Shoib:, S., ahmad, A., ashraf, M. & ahmad, r. (2013) Anemia in pregnant women in a rural block of Kashmir valley: Its prevalence and socio-demographic associates. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 814-818. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.130620131





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