E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh

Mahima, Sandip Kumar, Kirti Jaiswal, Sushil Kumar Shukla, Pankaj Kumar Jain, Prashant Kumar Bajpai.

Abstract
Background: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a public health issue and cost a lot to individuals, families, communities, and nations. The estimated cost is around 1–2% of a country’s Gross National Product in lower income countries. Rural India has inefficient services for trauma care, due to the varied topography, financial constraints, and lack of appropriate health infrastructure and reach to them in their golden period.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were to study the pattern of injury and to assess the effectiveness of ambulance services.

Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional study of victims of RTA cases as study subjects who were admitted in the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital after they are stabilized and shifted to orthopedics and surgery ward. It included comatose patients and excluding patients of the outpatient department.

Results: Majority of RTA victims used government ambulance 354 (54.1%) followed by owned vehicle 214 (32.7%) and least of them used private ambulance 86 (13.2%) to reach the hospital. Only 276 (42.2%) of victims received ambulance services at the time of accident occurrence in their golden period. In our study, mechanism of injury majorly was collision type 451 (69%) followed by acceleration 110 (16.9%) and deceleration 93 (14.3%) among the road accident victims. Among various body head region was most common 254 (39%) followed by lower limb 230 (35.2%).

Conclusion: The mortality among road accident cases increased with the increase in duration to reach the hospital. The system which was involved in RTA cases was majorly skeletal system followed by the central nervous system.

Key words: Road Traffic Accidents; Pattern of Injury; Tertiary Care Hospital


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

, Kumar S, Jaiswal K, Shukla SK, Jain PK, Bajpai PK. An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(6): 425-429. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019


Web Style

, Kumar S, Jaiswal K, Shukla SK, Jain PK, Bajpai PK. An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=41797 [Access: June 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

, Kumar S, Jaiswal K, Shukla SK, Jain PK, Bajpai PK. An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(6): 425-429. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

, Kumar S, Jaiswal K, Shukla SK, Jain PK, Bajpai PK. An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited June 24, 2019]; 8(6): 425-429. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019



Harvard Style

, Kumar, . S., Jaiswal, . K., Shukla, . S. K., Jain, . P. K. & Bajpai, . P. K. (2019) An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (6), 425-429. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019



Turabian Style

, Sandip Kumar, Kirti Jaiswal, Sushil Kumar Shukla, Pankaj Kumar Jain, and Prashant Kumar Bajpai. 2019. An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (6), 425-429. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019



Chicago Style

, Sandip Kumar, Kirti Jaiswal, Sushil Kumar Shukla, Pankaj Kumar Jain, and Prashant Kumar Bajpai. "An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 425-429. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Sandip Kumar, Kirti Jaiswal, Sushil Kumar Shukla, Pankaj Kumar Jain, and Prashant Kumar Bajpai. "An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.6 (2019), 425-429. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, Kumar, . S., Jaiswal, . K., Shukla, . S. K., Jain, . P. K. & Bajpai, . P. K. (2019) An epidemiological study on road traffic accident cases admitted to a tertiary care hospital of central Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (6), 425-429. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408015042019





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