E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh

Sreedevi A, Sivakala T, Sai Kiran K, Shaik Hakeem Rasheed Ahmed, Santosh Kumar H, Hemanth Kumar, Lakshmi Sindhura K, Sravani K.

Abstract
Background: Agricultural workers are at high risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides (OPs). Farmers are using OPs frequently without having any safe handling practices. Improving their knowledge and perception regarding organophosphate poisoning can give rise to a drastic reduction in morbidity and mortality due to OP poisoning.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were (i) to assess the awareness about hazards of organophosphorus poisoning, (ii) to educate about the protective measures while handling pesticides, and (iii) to educate about first aid measures after accidental exposure to pesticides.

Materials and Methods: A community-based longitudinal study was carried out from September 1, 2015, to January 31, 2016, among agricultural workers using pesticides in their farm of seven villages of Kurnool District. All study subjects were interviewed using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. Health education was given in two sessions with a gap of 2 weeks using audiovisual aids, posters, and flip charts. Each session lasted for 3 h in each village. Post-test was conducted 1 week after the last session.

Results: A total of 230 subjects were using pesticides in their farm. Their knowledge levels regarding route of entry through contact 0%, inhalation 20 (8.69%) and ingestion 74 (32.17%) respectively in baseline study; which significantly improved to 82 (35.65%), 132 (57.39%) and 230 (100%) respectively in Post-test. Before educational intervention 52% were aware about usage of personal protective equipment during application of pesticides which was significantly improved to 100% in post-test. In pre and Post-test the habit of storage of partially used and un used pesticide tins in households were 28% & 0% respectively. Awareness about the proper disposal of empty tins was (0) less in baseline study which increased significantly to (76%) after educational intervention.

Conclusions: Overall awareness of agricultural workers regarding usage and toxicity of OPs was inadequate, which was significantly improved after health education. Frequent educational sessions are needed to improve their awareness regarding safe handling procedures.

Key words: Organophosphate Poisoning; Exposure; Agricultural Workers; Preventive Measures; Knowledge; Awareness


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

A S, T S, K SK, Ahmed SHR, H SK, Kumar H, K LS, K S. Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(6): 448-453. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019


Web Style

A S, T S, K SK, Ahmed SHR, H SK, Kumar H, K LS, K S. Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=41938 [Access: September 21, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

A S, T S, K SK, Ahmed SHR, H SK, Kumar H, K LS, K S. Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(6): 448-453. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

A S, T S, K SK, Ahmed SHR, H SK, Kumar H, K LS, K S. Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited September 21, 2019]; 8(6): 448-453. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019



Harvard Style

A, S., T, . S., K, . S. K., Ahmed, . S. H. R., H, . S. K., Kumar, . H., K, . L. S. & K, . S. (2019) Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (6), 448-453. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019



Turabian Style

A, Sreedevi, Sivakala T, Sai Kiran K, Shaik Hakeem Rasheed Ahmed, Santosh Kumar H, Hemanth Kumar, Lakshmi Sindhura K, and Sravani K. 2019. Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (6), 448-453. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019



Chicago Style

A, Sreedevi, Sivakala T, Sai Kiran K, Shaik Hakeem Rasheed Ahmed, Santosh Kumar H, Hemanth Kumar, Lakshmi Sindhura K, and Sravani K. "Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 448-453. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

A, Sreedevi, Sivakala T, Sai Kiran K, Shaik Hakeem Rasheed Ahmed, Santosh Kumar H, Hemanth Kumar, Lakshmi Sindhura K, and Sravani K. "Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.6 (2019), 448-453. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

A, S., T, . S., K, . S. K., Ahmed, . S. H. R., H, . S. K., Kumar, . H., K, . L. S. & K, . S. (2019) Study on awareness regarding hazards of organophosphorus poisoning among agricultural workers who are at risk of exposure to organophosphate pesticides in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (6), 448-453. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0408116042019





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