IJMSPH

International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

« Previous Article
Next Article »

Original Research Open Access


Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis

Neela Patel, Hardik Pitroda, Yogiraj Rathod, Hiren Suthar.

Abstract
Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) constitute a major public health problem for nations worldwide. The emergence of HIV infection has increased the importance of measures aimed at control of STIs. Knowledge of both clinical and demographic changes in STI population may help us better cater our prevention programs to the target population.

Aims & Objective: To assess the changing demographic and clinical trends of STIs in a tertiary centre in Ahmedabad over a 10-year period.
Material and Methods: A retrospective study of 3606 patients attending a STI clinic in a tertiary hospital in Ahmedabad over a period of ten years (2003-2012).

Results: The clinic evaluated 239 patients in 2003, which has increased to 592 in 2012. Women were major attendees. While in 2003, the majority of STIs were viral infections (35%), fungal infections are the most common STIs currently (54%). The most common clinical presentation in 2003 was an ulcer (60%) but with the rise of fungal infections, vaginal/cervical discharge has become the most common presentation. HIV seropositivity over the 10-year period was 6.5%., with herpes genitalis being the single most commonly associated STI.

Conclusion: Though fungal STIs form the largest group of STls in Ahmedabad, the plite of viral infections could not be underestimated. Viral infections are not only difficult to treat and have higher chances of recurrence but also associated with high prevalence of HIV. Thus, STI patients continue to be an important risk group for HIV prevention in Ahmedabad, India.

Key words: Epidemiology, Sexually transmitted infections, HIV infection


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Neela Patel
Articles by Hardik Pitroda
Articles by Yogiraj Rathod
Articles by Hiren Suthar
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1477
Downloaded: 522
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Sharma VK, Khandpur S. Epidemiology of sexually transmitted diseases. In: Sharma VK, editor. Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Viva Books Private Limited; 2009. p.3-54.
2. Sharma VK, Khandpur S. Changing patterns of sexually transmitted infections in India. Natl Med J India 2004;17:310-9.
3. Chopra A, Mittal RR, Singh P, Sharma P. Pattern of sexually transmitted diseases at Patiala. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 1990;11:43-5.
4. Jaiswal AK, Banerjee S, Matety AR, Grover S. Changing trends in sexually transmitted diseases in North Eastern India. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2002;68:65-6.
5. Kumar B, Sahoo B, Gupta S, Jain R. Rising incidence of genital herpes over two decades in a sexually transmitted disease clinic in north India. J Dermatol. 2002;29:74-8.
6. Siddappa K, Kumar VJ, Ravindra K. Pattern of STDs at Davangere. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 1990;11:39-42.
7. Zamzachin G, Singh NB, Devi TB. STD trends in regional institute of medical sciences, Manipur. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2003;69:151-3.
8. Singh KG, Joshi MK, Bajaj AK. Pattern of sexually transmitted diseases in Allahabad. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 1990;11:6-8.
9. Ray K, Bala M, Gupta SM, Khunger N, Puri P, Muralidhar S, et al. Changing trends in sexually transmitted infections at a Regional STD Centre in north India. Indian J Med Res. 2006;124:559-68.
10. Narayanan B. A retrospective study of the pattern of sexually transmitted diseases during a ten-year period. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2005;71:333-7. [DOI via Crossref]   
11. Bhargava NC. Analytical study of 1000 cases of Venereal Diseases. Indian J Dermatol Venereol. 1975;41:70-3.
12. Chandragupta TS, Badri SR, Murty SV, SwarnaKumari G, Prakash BV. Changing trends of sexually transmitted diseases at Kakinada. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2007;28:6-9. [DOI via Crossref]   
13. Jain VK, Dayal S, Aggarwal K, Jain S. Changing trends of sexually transmitted diseases at Rohtak. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2008;29:23-5. [DOI via Crossref]   
14. Nigam P, Mukhija RD. Pattern of sexually transmitted diseases at Gorakhpur. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 1986;7:70-3.
15. Saikia L, Nath R, Deuori T, Mahanta J. Sexually transmitted diseases in Assam: An experience in a tertiary care referral hospital. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2009;75:329. [DOI via Crossref]   
16. Risbud A, Chan-Tack K, Gadkari D, Gangakhedkar RR, Shepherd ME, Bollinger R, et al. The etiology of genital ulcer disease by multiplex polymerase chain reaction and relationship to HIV infection among patients attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in Pune, India. Sex Transm Dis. 1999;26:55-62. [DOI via Crossref]   
17. Thappa DM, Kaimal S. Sexually transmitted infections in India: Current Status (Except Human Immunodeficiency Virus/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). Indian J Dermatol. 2007;52:78-82. [DOI via Crossref]   
18. Mindel A. Genital herpes- how much of a public health problem. Lancet. 1998;2351:16-18. [DOI via Crossref]   
19. Chan DJ. Fatal attraction: Sex, sexually transmitted infections and HIV-1. Int J STD AIDS. 2006;17:643-51. [DOI via Crossref]   
20. Sobel JD, Faro S, Force RW, Foxman B, Ledger WJ, Nyirjesy PR, et al. Vulvovaginal candidiasis: Epidemiologic, diagnostic and therapeutic considerations. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1998;178:203-11. [DOI via Crossref]   
21. Sobel JD. Vulvovaginitis. When Candida becomes a problem. Sex Transm Dis. 1998;16:763-8.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Patel N, Pitroda H, Rathod Y, Suthar H. Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



Web Style

Patel N, Pitroda H, Rathod Y, Suthar H. Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis. www.scopemed.org/?mno=43277 [Access: November 19, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patel N, Pitroda H, Rathod Y, Suthar H. Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patel N, Pitroda H, Rathod Y, Suthar H. Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited November 19, 2017]; 2(4): 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



Harvard Style

Patel, N., Pitroda, H., Rathod, Y. & Suthar, H. (2013) Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (4), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



Turabian Style

Patel, Neela, Hardik Pitroda, Yogiraj Rathod, and Hiren Suthar. 2013. Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 2 (4), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



Chicago Style

Patel, Neela, Hardik Pitroda, Yogiraj Rathod, and Hiren Suthar. "Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patel, Neela, Hardik Pitroda, Yogiraj Rathod, and Hiren Suthar. "Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.4 (2013), 1077-1080. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patel, N., Pitroda, H., Rathod, Y. & Suthar, H. (2013) Clinical and demographic trends in a sexually transmitted infection clinic in ahmedabad (2003-2012): An epidemiologic analysis. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 2 (4), 1077-1080. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.040920131



latest news

Retraction notice [Dec 03, 2016]
Retraction notice [Mar 02, 2015]
Submission of article [Jul 22, 2012]


The articles in this Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.