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Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia

Awad Al-Qahtani, Riyadh Al-Al-Ghamdi, Khalid Al-Ghamdi.

Abstract
Background: Childhood obesity is currently a major health problem in many countries of the world.

Aims & Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and describe the risk factors among primary school male children in Al-Madinah Al- Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. It is our intension that these data can be useful in planning appropriate intervention programs targeting school children.

Material and Methods: This is a cross sectional descriptive study included 197 primary-school children aged 9 to 14 years living in Al-Madinah Al- Munawarah city. A structured questionnaire was constructed to collect information from the subjects. After an interview and a review of clinical examination records, height and weight were measured.

Results: In this study, 49 (24.9%) of 197 children were obese and 30 (15.2%) were overweight. Food consuming behaviors were strongly associated with childhood obesity in the variables “eating too much” (p = 0.001), “arguing if say enough or stop eating” (p< 0.001), “demanding food while still eating (p = 0.001) and “demanding food between meals” (p = 0.021). Personality behavioral variables were strongly associated with childhood obesity in the variables “complaint being overweight” (p< 0.001), “complaint being unattractive” (p < 0.001), “complaint being not fitting in clothes” (p< 0.001), “complaint being teased” (p = 0.009).

Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children in Al-Madinah Al- Munawarah is high. Multiple strategies and interventions are warranted to prevent overweight and obesity related risk behavior in school-aged children.

Key words: Childhood Obesity: Risk Factors; Lifestyle Behaviour; Saudi Arabia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Al-Qahtani A, Al-Al-Ghamdi R, Al-Ghamdi K. Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1058-1062. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



Web Style

Al-Qahtani A, Al-Al-Ghamdi R, Al-Ghamdi K. Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. www.scopemed.org/?mno=43965 [Access: November 19, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Qahtani A, Al-Al-Ghamdi R, Al-Ghamdi K. Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1058-1062. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Qahtani A, Al-Al-Ghamdi R, Al-Ghamdi K. Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited November 19, 2017]; 2(4): 1058-1062. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



Harvard Style

Al-Qahtani, A., Al-Al-Ghamdi, R. & Al-Ghamdi, K. (2013) Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (4), 1058-1062. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



Turabian Style

Al-Qahtani, Awad, Riyadh Al-Al-Ghamdi, and Khalid Al-Ghamdi. 2013. Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 2 (4), 1058-1062. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



Chicago Style

Al-Qahtani, Awad, Riyadh Al-Al-Ghamdi, and Khalid Al-Ghamdi. "Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 1058-1062. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Qahtani, Awad, Riyadh Al-Al-Ghamdi, and Khalid Al-Ghamdi. "Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.4 (2013), 1058-1062. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Qahtani, A., Al-Al-Ghamdi, R. & Al-Ghamdi, K. (2013) Childhood obesity: Prevalence, risk factors and lifestyle behaviour among primary school male children in Al- Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 2 (4), 1058-1062. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.010920131



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