E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study

Sheveta Dureja, Manjinder Kaur, Vikram Bhandari, Narinder Singh, Jaswinder Singh, Rahat Sharma.

Abstract
Background: Indiscriminate use of drugs and cosmetics among a pregnant woman is always a challenge in the antenatal care for health-care providers especially in developing countries. There is a potential risk to the growing fetus due to irrational use of drugs and cosmetics during pregnancy awareness, and adequate knowledge of their use can prevent many drug-induced complications during pregnancy.

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs and cosmetics.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in various antenatal clinics of the state of Punjab. 500 pregnant women were enrolled in the study and the questionnaire was prepared in the local language to assess the knowledge and beliefs of pregnant women. Data analysis was done using Chi-square test.

Results: A very few pregnant women had knowledge that drugs have any effect on the fetus and less than half believe that drugs should be taken only by consultation by the doctor. Majority pregnant women believe that sufficient time and attention are not given by a doctor during an appointment. Only 2% of women had the idea of antenatal sessions. More than half of the pregnant women considered alternative remedies to be more safe in pregnancy while a very few had the idea that cosmetics are safe in pregnancy.

Conclusion: Thus, it can be concluded that the majority of participants in the study have poor knowledge regarding benefits and adverse effects of the use of drugs and cosmetics during pregnancy.

Key words: Pregnancy; Drugs; Knowledge; Fetus


 
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Pubmed Style

Dureja S, Kaur M, Bhandari V, Singh N, Singh J, Sharma R. Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(6): 478-481. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019


Web Style

Dureja S, Kaur M, Bhandari V, Singh N, Singh J, Sharma R. Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=46372 [Access: June 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dureja S, Kaur M, Bhandari V, Singh N, Singh J, Sharma R. Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(6): 478-481. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dureja S, Kaur M, Bhandari V, Singh N, Singh J, Sharma R. Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited June 24, 2019]; 8(6): 478-481. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019



Harvard Style

Dureja, S., Kaur, . M., Bhandari, . V., Singh, . N., Singh, . J. & Sharma, . R. (2019) Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (6), 478-481. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019



Turabian Style

Dureja, Sheveta, Manjinder Kaur, Vikram Bhandari, Narinder Singh, Jaswinder Singh, and Rahat Sharma. 2019. Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (6), 478-481. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019



Chicago Style

Dureja, Sheveta, Manjinder Kaur, Vikram Bhandari, Narinder Singh, Jaswinder Singh, and Rahat Sharma. "Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 478-481. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dureja, Sheveta, Manjinder Kaur, Vikram Bhandari, Narinder Singh, Jaswinder Singh, and Rahat Sharma. "Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.6 (2019), 478-481. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dureja, S., Kaur, . M., Bhandari, . V., Singh, . N., Singh, . J. & Sharma, . R. (2019) Awareness among pregnant women regarding the use and safety of drugs during pregnancy in the state of Punjab: A cross-sectional observational study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (6), 478-481. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0411108052019





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