E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital

Sachin Singh Yadav, Shweta Yadav, Prabhakar Mishra.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: Ever since HIV was first identified in India among sex workers in Chennai during 1986, HIV infections have been reported in all states and territories. The knowledge and attitudes of healthcare workers (HCWs) in relation to HIV infection is an important factor influencing the willingness and ability of people with HIV to access care, and the quality of the care they receive.

Aims & Objective: To assess HIV-related knowledge and risk perception among a group of north Indian health care workers (HCW), and to identify predictors of willingness to provide care for patients with HIV infection.

Material and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 450 HCWs from tertiary health care centre was undertaken in March 2011. The information was collected on a semi structured, self-administered questionnaire. Information was gathered regarding demographic details, HIV-related knowledge, risk perception and previous experience caring for HIV-positive patients.

Results: Most (95.7%) were aware of the routes of transmission. 4.1% HCWs wished that they should be allowed to refuse to care for people with HIV/AIDS. HCWs willingness to provide care for patients with HIV was strongly associated with having previously cared for patients with HIV (P = 0.001). Knowledge of HIV transmission and perception of risk were not associated with willingness to provide care (p<0.05).

Conclusion: The knowledge of HCW was satisfactory. But periodic updates are required to enhance the knowledge of HCW. These include the development of programmes to promote occupational safety of HCWs and involving people with HIV in awareness training of HCWs.

Key words: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV); Health Care Workers (HCW); Risk Perception; Awareness


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yadav SS, Yadav S, Mishra P. Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(1): 73-75. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131


Web Style

Yadav SS, Yadav S, Mishra P. Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=46787 [Access: April 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yadav SS, Yadav S, Mishra P. Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(1): 73-75. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yadav SS, Yadav S, Mishra P. Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2014), [cited April 22, 2018]; 3(1): 73-75. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131



Harvard Style

Yadav, S. S., Yadav, S. & Mishra, P. (2014) Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 3 (1), 73-75. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131



Turabian Style

Yadav, Sachin Singh, Shweta Yadav, and Prabhakar Mishra. 2014. Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3 (1), 73-75. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131



Chicago Style

Yadav, Sachin Singh, Shweta Yadav, and Prabhakar Mishra. "Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 3 (2014), 73-75. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yadav, Sachin Singh, Shweta Yadav, and Prabhakar Mishra. "Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 3.1 (2014), 73-75. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yadav, S. S., Yadav, S. & Mishra, P. (2014) Knowledge and risk perception regarding HIV among healthcare workers in a medical college hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 3 (1), 73-75. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.051020131





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