E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur

Pratibha Chauhan, Girdhareelal Saini.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Background: H1N1 infection is a viral infection and it is communicable from an infected person to the susceptible contacts. A large number of H1N1 cases and deaths had been reported in districts of western Rajasthan during the pandemic of H1N1 influenza in the year 2009-10. In 2012-2013 also, Influenza ‘A’ H1N1 virus once again has reappeared in western Rajasthan.

Aims & Objective: To review deaths due to H1N1 Positive patients in Hospitals attached with Medical College.

Material and Methods: The present study was a hospital based study. The study was conducted by taking information from H1N1positive patients and their relatives from Umed, M.G., M.D.M., and Chest & T. B. Hospitals of Jodhpur from 1st January, 2012 to 20th March, 2013. During our study period, 1877 samples were collected from the suspected Outdoor and Indoor patients of hospitals. The collected samples were transported in VTM (viral Transport Media) to the testing Laboratories of Medical College/ Desert Medicine Research Centre (DMRC), Jodhpur and subjected to RT-PCR technique for the detection of H1N1 Influenza virus.

Results: Out of 1877 samples collected during our study period, 375 samples were found positive. The study shows an H1N1 case positivity rate of 19.97%. During the study period, 68 patients died of H1 N1 infection with a Case fatality rate of 18.13%. Out of 68 H1N1 positive patients’ deaths, deaths were more (45; 66.16%) in female than in male (23; 33.82%). Out of 45 women who died of H1N1 infection, 33.82% (23) of the women were pregnant. The study also reveals a higher incidence of H1N1 infection and mortality in younger age group.

Conclusion: The Influenza A (H1N1) virus is still present two years after year 2009-10 pandemic. It has become a ubiquitous virus in the districts of Western Rajasthan region of India. In the event of new influenza outbreaks, hygienic and containment measures must be quickly and correctly implemented in order to avoid an epidemic.

Key words: Influenza A; H1N1; Viral Transport Media (VTM); Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Pratibha Chauhan
Articles by Girdhareelal Saini
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 2581
Downloaded: 659
Cited: 1

REFERENCES
1. WHO. Weekly Epidemiological Record. WHO 2009;84(41):420-36. Available from: URL: http://www.who.int/wer/2009/wer8441.pdf.
2. Directorate General of Health Services. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare: Government of India. Pandemic Influenza (H1N1)-Situational Update. Govt. of India. Available from: URL: http://mohfwh1n.nic.in/document/PDF/SituationalUpdatesArchives/may/Situational%20Updates%20on%2016.05.2009.pdf
3. Gupta SD, Lal V, Jain R, Gupta OP. Modeling of H1N1 Outbreak in Rajasthan: Methods and Approaches. Indian J Community Med 2011;36(1):36-38. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
4. Swine flu claimed 344 lives in India in 2012. [internet] 2012. Nov 30. Available from: URL: http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/swine-fluclaimed-344-live
5. Puvanalingam A, Rajendiran C, Sivasubramanian K, Ragunanthanan S, Suresh S, Gopalakrishnan S. Case Series Study of the Clinical Profile of H1N1 Swine Flu Influenza. J Assoc Physicians India. 2011;59:14-6.
6. Samra T, Pawar M, Yadav A. One year of experience with H1N1 Infection: clinical observations from a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Indian JCommunity Med 2011; 36(3):241-3. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
7. Rana H, Parikh P, Shah AN, Gandhi S. Epidemiology and Clinical Outcome of H1N1 in Gujarat from July 2009 to March 2010. J Assoc Physicians India 2012;60:95-7.
8. Isalkar U, Deshmukh N. You are at greater H1N1 risk if aged 21-50 yrs: 211 Of 311 Maha Deaths Since April In This Bracket. Times of India. August 28,2010. Available from: URL: http://epaper.timesofindia.com/Repository/getFiles.asp?Style=OliveXLib:LowLevelEntityToPrint_TOINEW&Type=text/html&Locale=english-skincustom&Path=TOIM/2010/08/25&ID=Ar01501
9. Delaney JW, Fowler RA. 2009 Influenza A (H1N1): A Clinical review; Hosp Pract (Minneap) 2010;38(2):74-81.
10. Dee S, Jayathissa S. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of the hospitalized Patients due to Pandemic H1N1 2009 Viral infection: Experience at Hutt Hospital, New Zealand. N Z Med J 2010;123(1312):45-53.
11. Appuchamy RD, Beard FH, Phung HN, Selvey CE, Birell FA, Culleton TH. The changing phases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Queensland: An overview of Public Health Action and Epidemiology; Med J Aust 2010;192(2):94-7.
12. Dodds L, McNeil SA, Fell DB, Allen VM, Coombs A, Scott J, et al. Impact of influenza exposure on rates of hospital admissions and physician visits because of respiratory illness among pregnant women. CMAJ 2007;176(4):463-8. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
13. Jamieson DJ, Honein MA, Rasmussen SA, Williams JL, Swerdlow DL, Biggerstaff MS, et al. H1N1 2009 influenza virus infection during pregnancy in the USA. Lancet 2009;374(9688):451-458. [DOI via Crossref]   

This Article Cited By the following articles

Animal and human bite injuries: a 5-year retrospective study in a large urban public hospital in Venezuela
Oral Maxillofac Surg 2017; (): .

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chauhan P, Saini G. A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 720-723. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131


Web Style

Chauhan P, Saini G. A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=46864 [Access: October 22, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chauhan P, Saini G. A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 720-723. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chauhan P, Saini G. A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited October 22, 2018]; 2(3): 720-723. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131



Harvard Style

Chauhan, P. & Saini, G. (2013) A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (3), 720-723. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131



Turabian Style

Chauhan, Pratibha, and Girdhareelal Saini. 2013. A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (3), 720-723. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131



Chicago Style

Chauhan, Pratibha, and Girdhareelal Saini. "A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 720-723. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chauhan, Pratibha, and Girdhareelal Saini. "A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.3 (2013), 720-723. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chauhan, P. & Saini, G. (2013) A review of death occurred due to H1N1 infection in hospitals attached with SN Medical College, Jodhpur. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (3), 720-723. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520131





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Study of psychological stress among undergraduate medical students of government medical college, Surat.
    Priti Solanky, Binita Desai, Abhay Kavishwar, S. L. Kantharia
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 38-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.38-42

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • The surgical approach in huge scrotal lymphedema
    Hiren Dahyabhai Parmar
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 153-155
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.153-155
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 5 times [Click to see citing articles]