E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery

Anita Sharma, Kartik Syal, Jyoti Pathania, Surinder Singh.

Abstract
Background: Surgery and anesthesia provoke anxiety in almost all the patients, causing increased sympathetic activity, leading to an increase in the heart rate (HR) and blood pressure. There is an increasing interest in evaluating the use of non-pharmacologic interventions to relieve anxiety in such patients, of which music is the easiest intervention.

Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of pre-operative music intervention on changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP), HR, anxiety, and serum catecholamine levels in patients undergoing surgery.

Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients were included, of which 50 each were assigned to the music intervention group and the control group. Serum catecholamine levels were assessed in 10 patients from each group due to the high cost of the test. Patients in the intervention group listened to music during the pre-operative period which was continued until the patient was rolled into operation theater. Patients in the control group received standard care. Data were collected preoperatively at time 1 (T1) in the pre-surgical area and at time 2 before induction in the operation theater and analyzed statistically.

Results: There was a statistically significant decrease in the HR, MAP, and anxiety score (two-tailed significance 0.00), in the intervention group as compared to those in the control group. In addition, there was statistically significant decrease in the serum epinephrine levels (two-tailed significance 0.039), but norepinephrine levels were not declined significantly in the control group.

Conclusion: Music is a non-invasive and low-cost intervention that can be easily implemented in the pre-operative setting, and the findings suggest that pre-operative music can reduce HR, MAP, and anxiety.

Key words: Anxiety; Blood Pressure; Music Therapy; Pre-operative Care


 
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Pubmed Style

Sharma A, Syal K, Pathania J, Singh S. Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(12): 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018


Web Style

Sharma A, Syal K, Pathania J, Singh S. Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=4963 [Access: December 10, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sharma A, Syal K, Pathania J, Singh S. Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(12): 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sharma A, Syal K, Pathania J, Singh S. Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited December 10, 2018]; 7(12): 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018



Harvard Style

Sharma, A., Syal, . K., Pathania, . J. & Singh, . S. (2018) Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (12), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018



Turabian Style

Sharma, Anita, Kartik Syal, Jyoti Pathania, and Surinder Singh. 2018. Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (12), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018



Chicago Style

Sharma, Anita, Kartik Syal, Jyoti Pathania, and Surinder Singh. "Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sharma, Anita, Kartik Syal, Jyoti Pathania, and Surinder Singh. "Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.12 (2018), 1001-1004. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sharma, A., Syal, . K., Pathania, . J. & Singh, . S. (2018) Comparative evaluation of music therapy in relieving anxiety in patients undergoing surgery. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (12), 1001-1004. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0824417092018





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