E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis

Chandar Sahanaa, Amit Kumar Mishra.

Abstract
Background: In the past 100 years, many influenza pandemics were reported including the Spanish flu in 1919–1920 with 40–50 million deaths worldwide. After the pandemics, the strain of influenza virus continues to circulate as seasonal flu. Every year 650,000 people die of respiratory diseases linked to seasonal flu. The Government of India has done many interventions in the past few years to reduce the burden in the country.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the burden and trend of morbidity and mortality due to influenza A H1N1 infection in the Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018.

Materials and Methods: A secondary data analysis of available data (2010–2018) from reliable sources was conducted to assess the burden and trend of morbidity and mortality due to influenza A H1N1 infection in the Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018. The data were compiled, tabulated, and plotted in graphs for both morbidity and mortality.

Results: As per the data, in 2018, the Southern states contribute 47.7% of morbidity and 20.2% of mortality of India due to influenza A H1N1. The contribution toward morbidity by Southern states was lowest 2013 and gradually increasing after 2015. The contribution toward mortality by Southern states is also similar to morbidity trend.

Conclusion: The trend analysis showed that the burden, i.e., morbidity and mortality of influenza increases every alternate years in Southern states. The contribution toward morbidity and mortality of influenza by Southern states is gradually increasing after 2015. Detailed trend analysis for a long time period of morbidity and mortality taking the environmental changes into account, forecasting of the burden could help the concerned authority to plan the intervention effectively.

Key words: Influenza; Morbidity; Mortality; Trend Analysis


 
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Pubmed Style

Sahanaa C, Mishra AK. Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(11): 939-943. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019


Web Style

Sahanaa C, Mishra AK. Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=50339 [Access: November 12, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sahanaa C, Mishra AK. Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(11): 939-943. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sahanaa C, Mishra AK. Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited November 12, 2019]; 8(11): 939-943. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019



Harvard Style

Sahanaa, C. & Mishra, . A. K. (2019) Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (11), 939-943. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019



Turabian Style

Sahanaa, Chandar, and Amit Kumar Mishra. 2019. Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (11), 939-943. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019



Chicago Style

Sahanaa, Chandar, and Amit Kumar Mishra. "Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 939-943. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sahanaa, Chandar, and Amit Kumar Mishra. "Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.11 (2019), 939-943. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sahanaa, C. & Mishra, . A. K. (2019) Influenza A in Southern states of India from 2010 to 2018: A trend analysis. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (11), 939-943. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0515030082019





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