E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India

Navinkumar Angadi, Lekha Tejaswi Y.

Abstract
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has increased in lower income countries. Poorly managed diabetes leads to serious complications. Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is most common complication. Diabetes and its complications cause significant economic loss to patients and their families, health systems, and even national economies.

Objectives: The objective of the study is (i) to assess the economic burden for the management of DFU among patients attending tertiary care hospital, in central Karnataka and (ii) to study the association of health expenditure with sociodemographic factors.

Materials and Methods: This facility-based cross-sectional study was carried out among 100 patients with diabetic foot attending tertiary care hospital in central Karnataka.

Results: 31% of participants reported in the age group of 61–70 years, 84% were males, 68% were from rural areas, 45% were illiterate, and 37% were currently not working. 55% of participants were belonging lower socioeconomic status. The major part of the health expenditure was the indirect expenditure. The mean direct expenditure was 431.40 INR and mean indirect expenditure was 611.98 INR. In direct health expenditure, major cost was for medication (mean 1165.8 INR) followed by investigation (mean 113.16 INR). In indirect health expenditure, major cost was loss of wages of patient and caregiver. No sociodemographic factors except age were associated with economic burden.

Conclusions: The major part of the economic burden was the indirect expenditure. No sociodemographic factors except age were significantly associated with health-care expenditure for DFU.

Key words: Diabetic foot ulcer, economic burden, direct and indirect health expenditure


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Angadi N, Y LT. Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(8): 677-681. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019


Web Style

Angadi N, Y LT. Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=51458 [Access: December 06, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Angadi N, Y LT. Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(8): 677-681. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Angadi N, Y LT. Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited December 06, 2019]; 8(8): 677-681. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019



Harvard Style

Angadi, N. & Y, . L. T. (2019) Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (8), 677-681. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019



Turabian Style

Angadi, Navinkumar, and Lekha Tejaswi Y. 2019. Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (8), 677-681. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019



Chicago Style

Angadi, Navinkumar, and Lekha Tejaswi Y. "Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 677-681. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Angadi, Navinkumar, and Lekha Tejaswi Y. "Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.8 (2019), 677-681. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Angadi, N. & Y, . L. T. (2019) Assessment of economic burden for management of diabetic foot ulcer in patients attending tertiary care hospital in Central Karnataka, India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (8), 677-681. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616308062019





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