E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety

Rajeev Kumar, Puja Dudeja, Anita Maurya, Dhananjay Kumar Singh.

Abstract
Background: Unhealthy food handlers have been implicated in occurrence of various foodborne illnesses (FBIs). The benefits acquired by routine medical examination of food handlers are as a strong preventive tool in hands of public health experts in reducing the episodes of FBI. Medical examination of handlers is complementary toward the World Health Day theme of the WHO 2015 “food safety” and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.

Objective: The objective of this study was as follows: (i) To study the sociodemographic profile of the food handlers working in food establishment of tertiary care hospital and (ii) to estimate the parasite load among food handlers working in food establishments of a tertiary care hospital.

Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study carried over a period of 3 months. Sampling method employed was Simple Random Sampling. The total number of subjects was 86. The Institutional Ethics Committee approval was obtained. They were interviewed face to face using a semi-structured questionnaire and were assessed clinically for personal hygiene and head-to-toe examination. Stool examination was done for all using simple floatation technique.

Results: Mean age of food handlers was 29 ± 2 years. Two-thirds (75%) of food handlers were educated <12th standard. Majority (61%) of them had up to 5 years of experience. The overall personal hygiene of subjects was good except for long hair. At the time of study, 59% had symptoms of infectious disease and had not reported. They had not received typhoid vaccination. The prevalence of Ascariasis, Giardia, and Taenia was 22.5%, 2.5%, and 2.5%, respectively.

Conclusion: The overall health and personal hygiene of food handlers was good. However, the prevalence of enteropathogenic infections was high. Hence, periodic medical examination of food handlers should be taken seriously.

Key words: Food Safety; Food Handlers; Medical Examination


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kumar R, Dudeja P, Maurya A, Singh DK. Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(9): 728-732. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019


Web Style

Kumar R, Dudeja P, Maurya A, Singh DK. Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=51576 [Access: September 21, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kumar R, Dudeja P, Maurya A, Singh DK. Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(9): 728-732. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kumar R, Dudeja P, Maurya A, Singh DK. Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited September 21, 2019]; 8(9): 728-732. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019



Harvard Style

Kumar, R., Dudeja, . P., Maurya, . A. & Singh, . D. K. (2019) Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (9), 728-732. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019



Turabian Style

Kumar, Rajeev, Puja Dudeja, Anita Maurya, and Dhananjay Kumar Singh. 2019. Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (9), 728-732. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019



Chicago Style

Kumar, Rajeev, Puja Dudeja, Anita Maurya, and Dhananjay Kumar Singh. "Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 728-732. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kumar, Rajeev, Puja Dudeja, Anita Maurya, and Dhananjay Kumar Singh. "Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.9 (2019), 728-732. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kumar, R., Dudeja, . P., Maurya, . A. & Singh, . D. K. (2019) Medical examination of food handlers: A missing link in food safety. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (9), 728-732. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0616621062019





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