E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India

Shilpi Srivastava, Sandeepika Dubey, Naveen Srivastava.

Abstract
Background: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is resistant to all beta-lactam antibiotics, including penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, and betalactamase inhibitors. MRSA remains a public health problem globally. MRSA infection increases morbidity, risk of mortality, increased financial burden, and loss of productivity. A major source of MRSA in the hospital environment can be asymptomatically colonized health-care workers (HCWs).

Objectives: The aim of the study is to screen nasal swabs collected from HCWs of our hospital for colonization with S. aureus and detect methicillin resistance among them.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, consenting HCWs were consecutively enrolled. Nasal swabs were collected aseptically from study participants and processed using standard microbiological protocols for the recovery of S. aureus and MRSA. Methicillin resistance was detected by cefoxitin disc diffusion method according to the CLSI guidelines.

Results: Out of a total of 184 HCWs studied, the prevalence of S. aureus carriage in anterior nares was 14.6%. The overall MRSA prevalence was 3.8%. Highest carriage rates for MRSA were found in laboratory technicians (7.1%) followed by nursing staff (4.4%). The ophthalmology department had the highest MRSA carriage rate of 22%.

Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate that nasal carriage of MRSA among HCWs is relatively low in this study compared to other Indian studies done in tertiary care centres. Further studies are needed to evaluate the incidence of infections due to MRSA in this population.

Key words: Nasal Swab; Culture; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Srivastava S, Dubey S, Srivastava N. Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(10): 827-832. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019


Web Style

Srivastava S, Dubey S, Srivastava N. Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=54420 [Access: October 21, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Srivastava S, Dubey S, Srivastava N. Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(10): 827-832. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Srivastava S, Dubey S, Srivastava N. Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited October 21, 2019]; 8(10): 827-832. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019



Harvard Style

Srivastava, S., Dubey, . S. & Srivastava, . N. (2019) Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (10), 827-832. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019



Turabian Style

Srivastava, Shilpi, Sandeepika Dubey, and Naveen Srivastava. 2019. Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (10), 827-832. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019



Chicago Style

Srivastava, Shilpi, Sandeepika Dubey, and Naveen Srivastava. "Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 827-832. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Srivastava, Shilpi, Sandeepika Dubey, and Naveen Srivastava. "Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.10 (2019), 827-832. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Srivastava, S., Dubey, . S. & Srivastava, . N. (2019) Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among health-care workers at a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (10), 827-832. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0618517072019





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