E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension

Kailash Kumar P K, Jebamalar J.

Abstract
Background: Obesity and hypertension are considered as silent pandemics gaining momentum rapidly in our urbanizing and developing countries. Early detection and intervention may help our population to keep away from unwanted consequences like cardiovascular diseases. This study will be an eye-opener for addressing the risk factors of non-communicable diseases.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to describe the demographic profile and anthropometric measurements of obese patients attending non-communicable disease outpatient department for screening and to correlate mean blood pressure values between types of obesity.

Materials and Methods: The main study was conducted in non-communicable disease outpatient department (OPD) in Government Villupuram Medical College and Hospital. Subjects with obesity attending the non-communicable disease OPD during the study period will be included in the study after obtaining written consent. Expected difference in mean blood pressure between types of obesity is 10 mmHg, and the sample size was calculated to be 45 in each category of obesity, thus arriving to sample size of 135. However, as much as, samples were collected to increase strength of the study. Ethical clearance was obtained from the institutional ethical committee.

Results: The mean systolic blood pressure of combined obesity subjects (CO) was higher than abdominal obesity (AO) and generalized obesity (GO), and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01). The mean diastolic blood pressure of CO, AO, and general obesity (GO) subjects shows mild differences, and the difference was not statistically significant. Individual having AO and GO is at more risk of developing health hazards of hypertension.

Conclusion: Early screening and intervention on high-risk individuals can reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events.

Key words: Combined Obesity; Abdominal Obesity; Generalized Obesity; Systolic Blood Pressure; Diastolic Blood Pressure


 
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Pubmed Style

K KKP, J J. A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(12): 978-982. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018


Web Style

K KKP, J J. A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=5711 [Access: December 10, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

K KKP, J J. A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(12): 978-982. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

K KKP, J J. A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited December 10, 2018]; 7(12): 978-982. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018



Harvard Style

K, K. K. P. & J, . J. (2018) A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (12), 978-982. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018



Turabian Style

K, Kailash Kumar P, and Jebamalar J. 2018. A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (12), 978-982. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018



Chicago Style

K, Kailash Kumar P, and Jebamalar J. "A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 978-982. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

K, Kailash Kumar P, and Jebamalar J. "A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.12 (2018), 978-982. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

K, K. K. P. & J, . J. (2018) A correlation study between types of obesity and hypertension. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (12), 978-982. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0825103092018





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