E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra

Sachin Shivaji Kapse, Shanu Srivastava, Aradhana Mishra.

Abstract
Background: Blood is precious as well as scarce lifesaving medication. Proper screening of transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), syphilis, and malarial parasite (MP) with appropriate methods is needed to ensure that the donated blood is made innocuous for transfusion.

Objective: The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of TTI and their epidemiological aspects in blood donors in a hospital-based blood bank in Nerul, Navi Mumbai.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of the total of 4708 donors was carried out from January 2015 to December 2018 year. Screening of HIV was done using the fourth-generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and for hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg) and HCV by the third-generation ELISA kit. Testing for syphilis was done with rapid plasma reagin and MP was tested with rapid card test.

Results: Voluntary donors were 4702 (99.9%) while replacement constituted for 6 (0.12%) number of cases. Among 4708 donors, 4079 (96%) were male and 629 (4%) were female. Among 66 (1.4%) transfusion transmitted diseases (TTD)-positive donors, the highest number of donors 28 (42%) belongs to 1827 years of age group while the lowest 5 (2%) belonged to 4857 years. Overall prevalence of HIV, HbsAg, HCV, syphilis, and MP was 0.08%, 1.1%, 0.2%, 0.04%, and 0.02%, respectively.

Conclusion: The prevalence of TTD was more in males, in 1827 age groups, and in voluntary donors. The most common TTI was HBV, followed by HCV, HIV, syphilis, and MP, respectively.

Key words: Human Immunodeficiency Virus; Hepatitis B Surface Antigen; Hepatitis C Virus; Malaria; Syphilis; Transfusion-transmitted Infections


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Sachin Shivaji Kapse
Articles by Shanu Srivastava
Articles by Aradhana Mishra
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1255
Downloaded: 142


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kapse SS, Srivastava S, Mishra A. Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(10): 843-847. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019


Web Style

Kapse SS, Srivastava S, Mishra A. Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=57515 [Access: February 16, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kapse SS, Srivastava S, Mishra A. Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(10): 843-847. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kapse SS, Srivastava S, Mishra A. Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited February 16, 2020]; 8(10): 843-847. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019



Harvard Style

Kapse, S. S., Srivastava, . S. & Mishra, . A. (2019) Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (10), 843-847. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019



Turabian Style

Kapse, Sachin Shivaji, Shanu Srivastava, and Aradhana Mishra. 2019. Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (10), 843-847. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019



Chicago Style

Kapse, Sachin Shivaji, Shanu Srivastava, and Aradhana Mishra. "Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 843-847. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kapse, Sachin Shivaji, Shanu Srivastava, and Aradhana Mishra. "Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.10 (2019), 843-847. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kapse, S. S., Srivastava, . S. & Mishra, . A. (2019) Seroepidemiology of transfusion-transmitted infections among blood donors at a tertiary care center in Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (10), 843-847. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0720924072019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 34 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 11 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 10 times [Click to see citing articles]