E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India

Ashwini Giduganahalli Srinivasappa, Arut Chezian, Maridas Tom Thomas, Praneet Raj Pathivada, Naveen Ramesh, Pretesh Rohan Kiran, Bobby Joseph.

Abstract
Background: Violence against women is an important public health problem, due to its consequences on women health. There is a considerable variation in the prevalence of domestic violence across the states and different settings in India.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence of different forms of domestic violence and determine the associated factors among women working in tea estates.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two tea estates in Tamil Nadu. All (266) ever-married women workers aged 15–49 years were included in the study. Data were collected using a pre-designed interview schedule including sociodemography and physical, psychological, and sexual domains of domestic violence. It was developed using the National Family Health Survey 3 interview schedule and the World Health Organization multi-country study on women’s health and life experiences questionnaire version 10.

Results: The prevalence of domestic violence was 65%, while specifically psychological, physical, and sexual violence were 63.5%, 44.1%, and 4.1%, respectively. Domestic violence was significantly associated with socioeconomic status, spousal literacy status, age at marriage, and alcohol use (P < 0.05). Any form of violence and psychological violence were twice as common with illiterate (unadjusted odds ratio [OR]: 2.6; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4–4.9) (unadjusted OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.1–4.9) and a spouse who consumed alcohol (unadjusted OR: 2.7; 95% CI: 1.6–4.6) (unadjusted OR: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.5–4.2), respectively.

Conclusion: The prevalence of all forms of domestic violence was high among women in the selected two tea estates in South India. Significant association was found with spousal characteristics. This calls for stringent enforcement of laws and educating men toward changing the social attitude toward violence against women.

Key words: Domestic Violence; Tea Plantation; Women Workers; South India


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Srinivasappa AG, Chezian A, Thomas MT, Pathivada PR, Ramesh N, Kiran PR, Joseph B. Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(11): 962-970. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019


Web Style

Srinivasappa AG, Chezian A, Thomas MT, Pathivada PR, Ramesh N, Kiran PR, Joseph B. Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=64108 [Access: February 15, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Srinivasappa AG, Chezian A, Thomas MT, Pathivada PR, Ramesh N, Kiran PR, Joseph B. Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(11): 962-970. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Srinivasappa AG, Chezian A, Thomas MT, Pathivada PR, Ramesh N, Kiran PR, Joseph B. Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited February 15, 2020]; 8(11): 962-970. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019



Harvard Style

Srinivasappa, A. G., Chezian, . A., Thomas, . M. T., Pathivada, . P. R., Ramesh, . N., Kiran, . P. R. & Joseph, . B. (2019) Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (11), 962-970. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019



Turabian Style

Srinivasappa, Ashwini Giduganahalli, Arut Chezian, Maridas Tom Thomas, Praneet Raj Pathivada, Naveen Ramesh, Pretesh Rohan Kiran, and Bobby Joseph. 2019. Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (11), 962-970. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019



Chicago Style

Srinivasappa, Ashwini Giduganahalli, Arut Chezian, Maridas Tom Thomas, Praneet Raj Pathivada, Naveen Ramesh, Pretesh Rohan Kiran, and Bobby Joseph. "Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 962-970. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Srinivasappa, Ashwini Giduganahalli, Arut Chezian, Maridas Tom Thomas, Praneet Raj Pathivada, Naveen Ramesh, Pretesh Rohan Kiran, and Bobby Joseph. "Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.11 (2019), 962-970. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Srinivasappa, A. G., Chezian, . A., Thomas, . M. T., Pathivada, . P. R., Ramesh, . N., Kiran, . P. R. & Joseph, . B. (2019) Domestic violence against women workers in selected tea estates of South India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (11), 962-970. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0924810092019





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