E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Hansenís disease in the archipelago

Avijit Roy, Shivani Rao, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar, Ajay Raj Sethuraman.

Abstract
Background: Leprosy or Hansenís disease is a chronic disease caused by bacterium Mycobacterium leprae presenting as hypopigmented patches and diminished sensation. It continues to remain a major public health problem due to the stigma attached to this disease.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were as follows: (1) To study the incidence and type of leprosy cases in Andaman and Nicobar Islands and (2) to analyze patients who develop deformity due to leprosy.

Materials and Methods: Retrospective data mining from the leprosy records maintained by Leprosy Department collected from 35 primary and community health centers existing across Andaman and Nicobar Islands from April 2014 to March 2018.

Results: A total number of leprosy cases reported were 101, of which a total number of paucibacillary cases were 23 (22.77%) and multibacillary cases were 78 (77.23%). A total number of childhood cases were 6 (5.94%), female cases were 27 (26.73%) and male cases were 68 (67.32%). Deformity was seen among 11 patients (10.89%).

Conclusion: Leprosy cases have been increasing in the islands affecting more of adult males. Multibacillary cases are being predominantly more than paucibacillary. The main challenge is to eliminate the social stigma through effective information, education, and communication and promote voluntary reporting.

Key words: Leprosy; Andaman and Nicobar Islands; Incidence


 
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Pubmed Style

Roy A, Rao S, Thatkar PV, Sethuraman AR. Hansenís disease in the archipelago. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(11): 938-942. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018


Web Style

Roy A, Rao S, Thatkar PV, Sethuraman AR. Hansenís disease in the archipelago. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=7655 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Roy A, Rao S, Thatkar PV, Sethuraman AR. Hansenís disease in the archipelago. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(11): 938-942. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Roy A, Rao S, Thatkar PV, Sethuraman AR. Hansenís disease in the archipelago. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited November 21, 2018]; 7(11): 938-942. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018



Harvard Style

Roy, A., Rao, . S., Thatkar, . P. V. & Sethuraman, . A. R. (2018) Hansenís disease in the archipelago. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (11), 938-942. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018



Turabian Style

Roy, Avijit, Shivani Rao, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar, and Ajay Raj Sethuraman. 2018. Hansenís disease in the archipelago. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (11), 938-942. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018



Chicago Style

Roy, Avijit, Shivani Rao, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar, and Ajay Raj Sethuraman. "Hansenís disease in the archipelago." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 938-942. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Roy, Avijit, Shivani Rao, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar, and Ajay Raj Sethuraman. "Hansenís disease in the archipelago." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.11 (2018), 938-942. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Roy, A., Rao, . S., Thatkar, . P. V. & Sethuraman, . A. R. (2018) Hansenís disease in the archipelago. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (11), 938-942. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0926414092018





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