E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital

Nivedita Thass, Manoj Kumar, Ravinder Kaur.

Abstract
Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most frequently reported bacterial infections in the community coming second to respiratory tract infections. Empirical antibiotic therapy is usually applied in the management of UTIs, which has resulted in rapidly emerging antimicrobial resistance in hospitals and the community.

Objective: The objective of this study was to study the prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing UTI in our hospital.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was done among patients visiting a tertiary care hospital in North India, for February–March 2018. Clean catch midstream urine samples were taken from patients. Urine culture was done using cystine lactose electrolyte deficient agar medium. A modified semi-quantitative technique was employed for culture (standard wire loop method). Single species count of more than 100000 organisms per ml of urine was considered as significant. Identification of the organism was done on the basis of colony morphology, motility testing, and biochemical tests using standard microbiological methods. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method.

Results: Of the total 3172 samples - 341 (10.75%) were culture positive. Of these 341 culture-positive samples, the most commonly reported organism was Escherichia coli (53.9%), followed by Klebsiella spp. (24.9%). Among the Gram-positive organisms, only Enterococcus spp. was isolated in 10.8% of the total culture-positive samples. The Gramnegative isolates were found to be highly resistant to norfloxacin (nx) (56.3%) followed by cotrimoxazole (54.5%). Among Gram-positive isolates also, highest resistance was reported for nx (83.4%) and resistance to vancomycin was seen in only 5.4% of the cases.

Conclusion: The study shows that Gram-negative organisms are the leading cause of UTIs among adult population and periodic monitoring needs to be done to keep their emerging resistance in check.

Key words: Antibiogram; Prevalence; Bacteria; Urinary Tract Infection


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nivedita Thass
Articles by Manoj Kumar
Articles by Ravinder Kaur
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 1632
Downloaded: 273
Cited: 0


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Thass N, Kumar M, Kaur R. Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(1): 53-57. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018


Web Style

Thass N, Kumar M, Kaur R. Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=7704 [Access: June 24, 2019]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thass N, Kumar M, Kaur R. Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2019; 8(1): 53-57. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thass N, Kumar M, Kaur R. Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2019), [cited June 24, 2019]; 8(1): 53-57. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018



Harvard Style

Thass, N., Kumar, . M. & Kaur, . R. (2019) Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 8 (1), 53-57. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018



Turabian Style

Thass, Nivedita, Manoj Kumar, and Ravinder Kaur. 2019. Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (1), 53-57. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018



Chicago Style

Thass, Nivedita, Manoj Kumar, and Ravinder Kaur. "Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8 (2019), 53-57. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thass, Nivedita, Manoj Kumar, and Ravinder Kaur. "Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 8.1 (2019), 53-57. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thass, N., Kumar, . M. & Kaur, . R. (2019) Prevalence and antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing urinary tract infection in a tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 8 (1), 53-57. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2019.0926517102018





Most Viewed Articles
  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Maternal and fetal outcome in oligohydramnios- Study of 100 cases
    Krishna Jagatia, Nisha Singh, Sachin Patel
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 724-727
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070520132

  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Prevalence and pattern of substance abuse among school childern in nothern India: A rapid assesment study
    Syed Shuja Qadri, RKD Goel, Jagjeet Singh, Surendra Kumar Ahluwalia, Rambha Pathak, Humaira Bashir
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 273-282
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.271-280

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana—a clinical survey
    Lakshmi Kumari Villa, Gopi Krishna
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(7): 1475-1478
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.28102015238

  • Patient satisfaction about health care services: A cross sectional study of patients who visit the outpatient department of a civil hospital at Surendranagar, Gujarat
    Krupal Joshi, Kishor Sochaliya, Shyamal Purani, Girija Kartha
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 659-663
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.250420131

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Gunthers with haemolytic anaemia extremly rare: A case report
    Nilesh Kumar, Ankur Varshney, Arvind Anand, Dibyaranjan Behera, Ravi Anand, Ashutosh Tiwari
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 472-474
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.313-315

  • A study on various factors affecting family planning practices among eligible couples in urban slums of municipal corporation area in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India
    Hetal T Koringa, Krupal J Joshi, Jitesh P Mehta
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(12): 1675-1680
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.11042015343

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 25 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 13 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 9 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sugammadex associate persistant bradycardia
    Murat Bilgi, Abdullah Demirhan, Akcan Akkaya, Umit Yasar Tekelioglu, Hasan Kocoglu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(3): 372-374
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.251220131
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Migration and health-care access: Barriers to access government health services by migrant tribal community living in an eastern Indian city
    Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(1): 101-108
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.0110201424
    Cited : 7 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Clinico-microbiological profile of women with vaginal discharge in a tertiary care hospital of northern India
    Varsha Chaudhary, Ved Prakesh, Kian Agarwal, Vijender Kumar Agrawal, Arun Singh, Sachin Pandey
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 75-80
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.75-80
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Correlation between obesity and cardio respiratory fitness
    Prabha Setty, BV Padmanabha, BR Doddamani
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(2): 300-304
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.298-302
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) study on HIV / AIDS among HIV patients, care givers and general population in north-eastern part of India.
    L P Meena, S K Pandey, M Rai, Anju Bharti, Shyam Sunder
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 36-42
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.36-42
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Non albicans Candida species: its isolation pattern, species distribution, virulence factors and antifungal susceptibility profile
    Sachin Chandrakant Deorukhkar, Santosh Saini
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 533-538
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.080320131
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Initial default among tuberculosis patients diagnosed in selected medical colleges of Puducherry: issues and possible interventions
    Divija Pillai, Anil J Purty, Stalin Prabakaran, Zile Singh, Govindarajan Soundappan, Velavan Anandan
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(7): 957-960
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.30012015196
    Cited : 6 times [Click to see citing articles]