E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act

Jagadish A Cacodcar, Kalyani S, Manjusha Jindal, Kritika Tamboskar, Riya Surlakar, Hena Signapurkar, Neha Usapkar.

Abstract
Background: Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act was introduced in India to provide a legal framework to support prevention of fetal foeticide and maintains a healthy sex ratio. Even after implementation of the act, illegal testing and abortions are reported. Awareness and attitudes of pregnant women will give an insight into this problem.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to study the level of awareness and attitudes among pregnant mothers at Goa Medical College toward pre-natal sex determination and female foeticide, and to study the perceptions among them regarding the PCPNDT ACT.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among 100 consecutive pregnant women admitted from June 1 to August 31, 2019, in the antenatal wards of the Department of OBG at Goa Medical College, Bambolim, Goa.

Results: Two-thirds (76%) of the pregnant mothers were aware of the PCPNDT Act and majority (83%) were aware that prenatal sex determination is an offence. The majority (81%) of the mothers had no specific expectations regarding the sex of the child, whereas 8% preferred having a male child and 11% preferred a female child. The most common reason for male child preference was found to be pressure from other family members.

Conclusion: The majority of the pregnant mothers from Goa were aware of the PCPNDT Act and most of them do not have a specific preference for male child.

Key words: India; Female Feticide; Gender Preference; Prenatal Sex Determination


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Cacodcar JA, S K, Jindal M, Tamboskar K, Surlakar R, Signapurkar H, Usapkar N. Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(8): 459-463. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020


Web Style

Cacodcar JA, S K, Jindal M, Tamboskar K, Surlakar R, Signapurkar H, Usapkar N. Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=83448 [Access: September 27, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cacodcar JA, S K, Jindal M, Tamboskar K, Surlakar R, Signapurkar H, Usapkar N. Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2020; 9(8): 459-463. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cacodcar JA, S K, Jindal M, Tamboskar K, Surlakar R, Signapurkar H, Usapkar N. Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2020), [cited September 27, 2020]; 9(8): 459-463. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020



Harvard Style

Cacodcar, J. A., S, . K., Jindal, . M., Tamboskar, . K., Surlakar, . R., Signapurkar, . H. & Usapkar, . N. (2020) Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 9 (8), 459-463. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020



Turabian Style

Cacodcar, Jagadish A, Kalyani S, Manjusha Jindal, Kritika Tamboskar, Riya Surlakar, Hena Signapurkar, and Neha Usapkar. 2020. Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (8), 459-463. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020



Chicago Style

Cacodcar, Jagadish A, Kalyani S, Manjusha Jindal, Kritika Tamboskar, Riya Surlakar, Hena Signapurkar, and Neha Usapkar. "Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9 (2020), 459-463. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cacodcar, Jagadish A, Kalyani S, Manjusha Jindal, Kritika Tamboskar, Riya Surlakar, Hena Signapurkar, and Neha Usapkar. "Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 9.8 (2020), 459-463. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cacodcar, J. A., S, . K., Jindal, . M., Tamboskar, . K., Surlakar, . R., Signapurkar, . H. & Usapkar, . N. (2020) Awareness and attitudes about prenatal sex determination among pregnant mothers and their perceptions regarding Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 9 (8), 459-463. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02030202018082020





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