E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study

Mohammad Suhail Khan, S B Gupta, Atul Kumar Singh, Sumit Saxena, Ausaf Ahmad.

Abstract
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common non-communicable disease even in a developing country like India. Diabetes in all its forms imposes unacceptably high human, social, and economic costs on countries at all income levels.

Objective: The objective of this study was conducted to assess the sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing DM in an urban population of district Bareilly.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, community-based study was conducted from February 2014 to February 2015 among adults in the age group of 30 years and above residing in the area covered under the Urban Health Training Centre of Bareilly City. A simple random sampling technique was adopted to achieve the desired sample size. House to house survey was done for collecting data. Data tabulated and subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: Education status more than high school level were more prone for DM and maximum frequency of DM was also found in postgraduates and the minimum occurrence of DM was found those were having education up to primary school level. Body mass index increases the proportion of DM increases. The maximum number of diabetic individuals was found in obese Class II, followed by obese Class I and pre-obese. The pervasiveness of DM and impaired fasting glucose was more in those who were having a high waist-hip ratio.

Conclusion: The study showed that in spite of having health-care facilities nearby, the indiscretion of healthiness was a major concern. The higher proportion of DM patient is prominent in who is from nuclear family, having sedentary lifestyle. There is a high proportion of obesity among them.

Key words: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Sociodemographic; Anthropometric


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khan MS, Gupta SB, Singh AK, Saxena S, Ahmad A. Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020


Web Style

Khan MS, Gupta SB, Singh AK, Saxena S, Ahmad A. Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=85355 [Access: March 12, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khan MS, Gupta SB, Singh AK, Saxena S, Ahmad A. Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khan MS, Gupta SB, Singh AK, Saxena S, Ahmad A. Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020



Harvard Style

Khan, M. S., Gupta, . S. B., Singh, . A. K., Saxena, . S. & Ahmad, . A. (2020) Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020



Turabian Style

Khan, Mohammad Suhail, S B Gupta, Atul Kumar Singh, Sumit Saxena, and Ausaf Ahmad. 2020. Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020



Chicago Style

Khan, Mohammad Suhail, S B Gupta, Atul Kumar Singh, Sumit Saxena, and Ausaf Ahmad. "Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khan, Mohammad Suhail, S B Gupta, Atul Kumar Singh, Sumit Saxena, and Ausaf Ahmad. "Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khan, M. S., Gupta, . S. B., Singh, . A. K., Saxena, . S. & Ahmad, . A. (2020) Sociodemographic and anthropometric factors influencing diabetes mellitus in an urban population of district Bareilly: A cross-sectional study. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.02022202025022020





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