E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka

Netra G, Asha Bullappa, Prakash R Kengnal.

Abstract
Background: According to the World Health Organization anemia in pregnant women is defined as blood hemoglobin <11 gm/dl, which is the important public health problem worldwide. It is estimated that >40% of pregnant women all over the world are anemic, South Asia constituting 49.8% and 50.1% by India. About 20% of maternal deaths are caused by complications secondary to anemia worldwide and Iron deficiency anemia accounts for 85%. Additional iron and folic acid (IFA) are needed for pregnant women to meet their own nutritional needs and that of the developing fetus. Deficiencies in IFA during pregnancy can negatively influence the health of the mother as well as fetal development. The use of IFA supplements is associated with a reduced risk of iron deficiency and anemia. Therefore, Reproductive Child Health Program is supplementing 100200 IFA supplements to all pregnant women who are registered.

Objectives: To determine the compliance for IFA tablets and factors influencing it among the pregnant women (2nd and 3rd trimester) residing at Rural Health Training Centre (RHTC) of Shyamanur Shivashankarappa Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre (SSIMS and RC), Davangere.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2017 to December 2017 at RHTC of SSIMS and RC, Davangere. All the pregnant women who gave consent were interviewed on their antenatal visits and data was collected using pre-designed, pre-structured questionnaire and other necessary information were taken from their recent medical reports. Analysis was done by using SPSS v10, Chi-square test was applied to find the association among the variables.

Results: In the present study the compliance to IFA tablets was found to be 85.7% among the total participants. Education, type of family, number of antenatal care (ANC) visits are significantly related to the compliance of IFA tablets.

Conclusion: Compliance to IFA is higher than the national average which may be attributed to the good awareness and health service provided during the ANC check-ups.

Key words: Iron and Folic Acid Supplements; Compliance; Pregnant Women; Rural Area


 
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Pubmed Style

G N, Bullappa A, Kengnal PR. Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 121-127. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021


Web Style

G N, Bullappa A, Kengnal PR. Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=88463 [Access: October 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

G N, Bullappa A, Kengnal PR. Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 121-127. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

G N, Bullappa A, Kengnal PR. Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2021), [cited October 01, 2021]; 10(1): 121-127. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021



Harvard Style

G, N., Bullappa, . A. & Kengnal, . P. R. (2021) Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 10 (1), 121-127. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021



Turabian Style

G, Netra, Asha Bullappa, and Prakash R Kengnal. 2021. Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 121-127. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021



Chicago Style

G, Netra, Asha Bullappa, and Prakash R Kengnal. "Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10 (2021), 121-127. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

G, Netra, Asha Bullappa, and Prakash R Kengnal. "Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10.1 (2021), 121-127. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

G, N., Bullappa, . A. & Kengnal, . P. R. (2021) Compliance to iron and folic acid supplements among the pregnant women of the rural field practice area of a medical college in Central Karnataka. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 121-127. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.06052202121062021





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