E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital

Angelin Priya, Dinesh Kumar Pal, Padma Bhatia.

Abstract
Background: India contributes to one-fifth of the world burden and one-third of global deaths due to cervical carcinoma. As carcinoma cervix is a potentially preventable disease and has a long course from pre-invasive to invasive carcinoma, incidence of invasive carcinoma can be decreased by early detection of pre-invasive and early stages. Hence, it is imperative that the disease is detected in the early stages. To ensure early detection, the challenges leading to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation need to be understood.

Objective: The present study aims to determine the factor related to delay in diagnosis and late-stage presentation.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 230 participants with cervical carcinoma visiting radiotherapy department at tertiary care hospital of Bhopal. After taking all the details, participants were categorized into early and late in the three types of delays that are patient delay, health provider delay, and total delay. Moreover, early and late presenting on the basis at which stage their disease was diagnosed. Various factors affecting these delays and late presentation were analyzed.

Results: The mean age of 230 study participants was found to be 50.30 11.68 years. Age, parity, and type of presenting symptoms were factors found to be significant for patient delay, and locality and education were found to be significant for late-stage presentation.

Conclusion: Patient awareness and setting up standardized protocol in health facility will lead to early detection and treatment of the disease.

Key words: Carcinoma Cervix; Delay; Late Stage


 
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Pubmed Style

Priya A, Pal DK, Bhatia P. Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 51-56. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021


Web Style

Priya A, Pal DK, Bhatia P. Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=90327 [Access: October 03, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Priya A, Pal DK, Bhatia P. Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 51-56. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Priya A, Pal DK, Bhatia P. Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2021), [cited October 03, 2021]; 10(1): 51-56. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021



Harvard Style

Priya, A., Pal, . D. K. & Bhatia, . P. (2021) Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 10 (1), 51-56. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021



Turabian Style

Priya, Angelin, Dinesh Kumar Pal, and Padma Bhatia. 2021. Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 51-56. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021



Chicago Style

Priya, Angelin, Dinesh Kumar Pal, and Padma Bhatia. "Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10 (2021), 51-56. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Priya, Angelin, Dinesh Kumar Pal, and Padma Bhatia. "Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10.1 (2021), 51-56. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Priya, A., Pal, . D. K. & Bhatia, . P. (2021) Study determining factors related to delayed diagnosis and late-stage presentation in patients of carcinoma of cervix in tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 51-56. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.03040202123042021





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