E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review

Ali M B, Joe Jacob K, John Mathai.

Abstract
Background: Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) is a condition which is difficult to define and treat. Sensorineural hearing loss being a situation where rehabilitation therapy with hearing aids is the only treatment option, ISSNHL is an exception which can be treated medically if identified early enough.

Objectives: The objectives of the study were as follows: (i) To study the recovery of hearing and other symptoms in patients diagnosed of ISSNHL treated with medical management as per institutional protocol and (ii) to study the association between recovery with medical management and factors such as time of presentation and comorbidities in patients with ISSNHL.

Materials and Methods: In the Department of ENT, MCH, Kottayam, a protocol for the management of ISSNHL was worked out as per guidelines from standard otology textbooks. All patients with suspected ISSNHL were admitted. Hearing assessment was done using pure tone audiometry during inpatient care and on discharge of the patient. Patients were discharged after completion of the treatment and followed up for a period of at least 6 months.

Results: The inference of our study is that cases who presented early in the first 2448 h of onset of symptoms have maximum chance of recovery irrespective of associated comorbidities.

Conclusion: The study highlights the fact that ISSNHL is and should be considered as a medical emergency.

Key words: Sudden; Sensorineural; Hearing Loss; Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss


 
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Pubmed Style

B AM, K JJ, Mathai J. Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020


Web Style

B AM, K JJ, Mathai J. Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=97394 [Access: April 22, 2020]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

B AM, K JJ, Mathai J. Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

B AM, K JJ, Mathai J. Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020



Harvard Style

B, A. M., K, . J. J. & Mathai, . J. (2020) Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020



Turabian Style

B, Ali M, Joe Jacob K, and John Mathai. 2020. Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020



Chicago Style

B, Ali M, Joe Jacob K, and John Mathai. "Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

B, Ali M, Joe Jacob K, and John Mathai. "Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review." doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

B, A. M., K, . J. J. & Mathai, . J. (2020) Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss A 12-month review. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2020.0404511042020





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