E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress

Arpana Bhide, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, Narendra Hulikal.

Cited by (5)

Abstract
Background: Electrocardiogram (ECG) waveforms are influenced by physiological, pathological, and psychological factors. Acute mental stress affects the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis resulting in alterations in various physiological functions of the body particularly the cardiovascular system.

Objective: To study the ECG changes during acute mental stress and also to understand the reasons for the changes in ECG caused by acute mental stress.

Materials and Methods: ECG was recorded in relaxed state and in acute stress state in healthy male subjects in the age group of 18–24 years. ECG recordings in relaxed state were compared with those in acute stress state.

Result: Increased heart rate, decreased PR interval, decreased QT interval, and prolonged QTc interval were observed in ECGs in acute stress state which were statistically significant. Also an increase in QRS duration and change in QRS axis were observed during acute stress which were statistically not significant.

Conclusion: Increased sympathetic activity caused by acute mental stress may be the cause for this altered electrical activity of the heart.

Key words: ECG; acute stress; sympathetic activity; vagus nerve


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bhide A, Durgaprasad R, Kasala L, Velam V, Hulikal N. Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 835-838. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137


Web Style

Bhide A, Durgaprasad R, Kasala L, Velam V, Hulikal N. Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=199636 [Access: July 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bhide A, Durgaprasad R, Kasala L, Velam V, Hulikal N. Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(5): 835-838. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bhide A, Durgaprasad R, Kasala L, Velam V, Hulikal N. Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2016), [cited July 18, 2018]; 5(5): 835-838. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137



Harvard Style

Bhide, A., Durgaprasad, R., Kasala, L., Velam, V. & Hulikal, N. (2016) Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 5 (5), 835-838. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137



Turabian Style

Bhide, Arpana, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, and Narendra Hulikal. 2016. Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (5), 835-838. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137



Chicago Style

Bhide, Arpana, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, and Narendra Hulikal. "Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5 (2016), 835-838. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bhide, Arpana, Rajasekhar Durgaprasad, Latheef Kasala, Vanajakshamma Velam, and Narendra Hulikal. "Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 5.5 (2016), 835-838. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bhide, A., Durgaprasad, R., Kasala, L., Velam, V. & Hulikal, N. (2016) Electrocardiographic changes during acute mental stress. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 5 (5), 835-838. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2016.19082015137





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