E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies

Osaretin James Agbonlahor, Abiodun Mathias Emokpae, Andrew Ehiozee Evbuomwan.

Abstract
Background: The birth weight of neonates is a reflection of the maternal health, nutritional status, and environmental exposure to toxic metals. Very few studies have evaluated prenatal exposure to toxic metals and its possible association with small for date’s babies in Nigeria.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in maternal and cord blood among pregnant women at delivery and to ascertain whether there is any relationship between toxic metals levels and neonatal birth weight.

Materials and Methods: A total of 300 subjects were recruited, which included 200 healthy pregnant women who were attending antenatal clinic and 100 age-matched non-pregnant women (controls). The concentrations of toxic metals in the cord and maternal blood were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometer.

Results: The maternal and cord blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury were significantly higher (P < 0.001) in small for date’s babies than in babies with normal birth weight. There was a significant positive correlation between cord blood lead (r = 0.088, P = 0.02) and cadmium (r = 0.119, P = 0.03) with neonatal birth weight. There was, however, no significant association (r = 0.009; P = 0.89) between mercury and neonatal birth weight.

Conclusion: The levels of the measured toxic metals were significantly higher in maternal and cord blood of those who had small for date babies than those who had babies with normal birth weight. This study indicated that increased levels of toxic metals may be associated with small for date’s babies.

Key words: Maternal and Cord Blood; Toxic Metals; Low Birth Weight


 
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Pubmed Style

Agbonlahor OJ, Emokpae AM, Evbuomwan AE. Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(1): 9-14. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017


Web Style

Agbonlahor OJ, Emokpae AM, Evbuomwan AE. Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=219250 [Access: May 25, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Agbonlahor OJ, Emokpae AM, Evbuomwan AE. Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(1): 9-14. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Agbonlahor OJ, Emokpae AM, Evbuomwan AE. Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited May 25, 2018]; 7(1): 9-14. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017



Harvard Style

Agbonlahor, O. J., Emokpae, A. M. & Evbuomwan, A. E. (2018) Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (1), 9-14. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017



Turabian Style

Agbonlahor, Osaretin James, Abiodun Mathias Emokpae, and Andrew Ehiozee Evbuomwan. 2018. Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (1), 9-14. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017



Chicago Style

Agbonlahor, Osaretin James, Abiodun Mathias Emokpae, and Andrew Ehiozee Evbuomwan. "Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 9-14. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Agbonlahor, Osaretin James, Abiodun Mathias Emokpae, and Andrew Ehiozee Evbuomwan. "Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.1 (2018), 9-14. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Agbonlahor, O. J., Emokpae, A. M. & Evbuomwan, A. E. (2018) Toxic metals levels in cord and maternal blood and possible association with low birth weight of babies. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (1), 9-14. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0209413112017





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