E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan

Nabab Ali Khan, Anju Kochar, Mahendra Kumar Jangir.

Abstract
Background: Trauma to the eye and its surrounding structures remains a leading cause of visual morbidity and blindness. Ocular injuries can cause loss of career, major lifestyle changes, and cosmetic disfigurement; they have a significant socioeconomic and psychological impact.

Objective: To study the demographics, profile, and prognostic factors among ocular trauma patients.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of ocular trauma cases presenting to the outdoor or emergency department in a tertiary care center who undergone surgical and conservative management. The demographics, type of intervention, and final visual outcome were compared with the ocular trauma score categories and with the time interval between the injury and surgery.

Results: A total of 217 eyes of 212 patients were evaluated, and out of them 158 (74.50%) were males and 54 (25.50%) were females. The age of the patients ranged from 6 months to 68 years with mean age 28.53 years. 137 (64.6%) patients had open-globe injury and 75 (35.4%) had closed-globe injury. Among the causes of trauma, road traffic accidents (RTA) (50.5%, n = 107) were the most common followed by wooden stick and occupation-related injury (21.7%, n = 36), trauma due to assault 9.9%, n = 21), and miscellaneous injuries.

Conclusion: In all cases of ocular trauma, it is important to assess the patient, accurately. Prophylactic and protective measures are of utmost importance in preventing visually disabling complications of ocular trauma. Wearing helmets for two-wheeler, seat belts for four-wheeler passengers, and strict compliance to traffic rules will minimize RTA-related injuries.

Key words: Ocular Trauma; Open- and Closed-Globe Injury; Road Traffic Accident; Ocular Trauma Score


 
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Pubmed Style

Khan NA, Kochar A, Jangir MK. Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(11): 1640-1645. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017


Web Style

Khan NA, Kochar A, Jangir MK. Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=269882 [Access: July 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khan NA, Kochar A, Jangir MK. Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(11): 1640-1645. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khan NA, Kochar A, Jangir MK. Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited July 18, 2018]; 6(11): 1640-1645. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017



Harvard Style

Khan, N. A., Kochar, A. & Jangir, M. K. (2017) Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (11), 1640-1645. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017



Turabian Style

Khan, Nabab Ali, Anju Kochar, and Mahendra Kumar Jangir. 2017. Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (11), 1640-1645. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017



Chicago Style

Khan, Nabab Ali, Anju Kochar, and Mahendra Kumar Jangir. "Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1640-1645. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khan, Nabab Ali, Anju Kochar, and Mahendra Kumar Jangir. "Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.11 (2017), 1640-1645. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khan, N. A., Kochar, A. & Jangir, M. K. (2017) Profile of ocular trauma and its visual outcome at tertiary care hospital in North-West Rajasthan. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (11), 1640-1645. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0616729092017





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