E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district

Samiksha Dilip Patil, Rahul R Bhowate, Shivlal M Rawlani, Monika Khubchandani, Sudhir Rawlani.

Abstract
Background: Endemic fluorosis resulting from high fluoride concentration in groundwater is a major public health problem in India.

Objectives: This study was carried out to measure and compare the prevalence of dental fluorosis and dental caries in the population residing in the high and normal level of fluoride in their drinking water in Wardha district, Maharashtra, India.

Materials and Methods: The Institutional Ethical Approval for the study was obtained before starting the study. Written consent was obtained from the principal of the school and parents of students for the dental evaluation. This is a cross-sectional study for 2 months at two different endemic fluorosis areas of Wardha district for the evaluation of prevalence of dental fluorosis and dental caries in school-going children.

Results: Level of fluoride in drinking water at two different was 1.9 ppm and 2.5 ppm, respectively. All the students were examine for dental fluorosis and dental caries, and the data were collected and tabulated for analysis.

Conclusion: In present study, 1100 school-going children were studied. The prevalence of dental fluorosis in the study population was 20.09%, and the prevalence of dental caries was 26.4%. The severity of dental fluorosis increased and prevalence of dental caries decreased with increasing the fluoride level in drinking water.

Key words: Drinking Water Endemic Fluorosis; Dental Caries; Dental Fluorosis


 
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Pubmed Style

Patil SD, Bhowate RR, Rawlani SM, Khubchandani M, Rawlani S. Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(12): 1695-1699. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017


Web Style

Patil SD, Bhowate RR, Rawlani SM, Khubchandani M, Rawlani S. Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=274378 [Access: April 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Patil SD, Bhowate RR, Rawlani SM, Khubchandani M, Rawlani S. Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(12): 1695-1699. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Patil SD, Bhowate RR, Rawlani SM, Khubchandani M, Rawlani S. Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited April 21, 2018]; 6(12): 1695-1699. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017



Harvard Style

Patil, S. D., Bhowate, R. R., Rawlani, S. M., Khubchandani, M. & Rawlani, S. (2017) Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (12), 1695-1699. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017



Turabian Style

Patil, Samiksha Dilip, Rahul R Bhowate, Shivlal M Rawlani, Monika Khubchandani, and Sudhir Rawlani. 2017. Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (12), 1695-1699. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017



Chicago Style

Patil, Samiksha Dilip, Rahul R Bhowate, Shivlal M Rawlani, Monika Khubchandani, and Sudhir Rawlani. "Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1695-1699. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Patil, Samiksha Dilip, Rahul R Bhowate, Shivlal M Rawlani, Monika Khubchandani, and Sudhir Rawlani. "Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.12 (2017), 1695-1699. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Patil, S. D., Bhowate, R. R., Rawlani, S. M., Khubchandani, M. & Rawlani, S. (2017) Correlation between fluorosis and dental caries in endemic areas of Wardha district. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (12), 1695-1699. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824019102017





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