E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study

Feyza Nazik, Ayşe Ferdane Oğuzöncül.

Abstract
Background: Pregnancy is a term in which significant biological and psychosocial changes in women’s lives are experienced, and there is a high risk of encountering many anxieties and stresses.
Objectives: The objective of the study is to estimate the prevalence and risk factors for pregnancy in Eastern Turkey in Elazıg.

Materials and Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional, and descriptive study was conducted in the primary health-care center in Elazığ (pregnant women population: 4855). A total of 240 pregnant women were included in the study. The questionnaires were applied to pregnant women by visiting home. Each participant completed a questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory. The data were analyzed in SPSS version 18.0. One-way ANOVA and t-test analyses were used in the statistical evaluation.

Results: The mean age of the women was 26.78 ± 5.52. About 7.1% of pregnancies are in terms of adolescence. About 11.7% of the women are not knowing literacy. The rate of women who have got the level of low economic is 81.7%. The average of marry age of women is 20.97 ± 4.34. About 20% of women who are involved in research are in the first trimester, and 23.3% of women are in the second trimester. About 25.4% of women have not planned pregnancy. The rate of pregnancy who take antenatal care is 92.5%. BDS average is found out 14.97 ± 8.58. Although the score of the Beck Depression Scale of adolescence pregnancy old is 17.71 ± 8.26, pregnant women of afterward and 35 years are 17.92 ± 11.56 (P = 0.06). While the score of Beck Depression Scale of illiterate pregnancy is 20.93 ± 9.03, literate pregnancy is found 16.33 ± 6.54 (P = 0.0001). The average depression score of pregnant women who talk to their husband about their problem is found out 14.31 ± 8.76 and 17.08 ± 8.65 by mother (P = 0.000). While average of the Beck Depression Scale of women who first pregnancy is 13.51 ± 8.51, an average of depression of women who two or upper pregnancy is found out 15.82 ± 8.54 (P = 0.045). Beck depression scale score is significantly decrease in women who her husband low level of education, term of last pregnant be between 3 and 6 years, have a health problem in during her pregnancy, non-antenatal care.

Conclusion: Pregnant women had middle levels of depression which were associated with some sociodemographic variables. When pregnant women are medically examined, a holistic approach should be made to pregnant women.

Key words: Pregnancy; Depression; Factor; Infant


 
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Pubmed Style

Nazik F, Oguzoncul AF. Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(11): 1635-1639. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017


Web Style

Nazik F, Oguzoncul AF. Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=274619 [Access: July 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nazik F, Oguzoncul AF. Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(11): 1635-1639. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nazik F, Oguzoncul AF. Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited July 18, 2018]; 6(11): 1635-1639. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017



Harvard Style

Nazik, F. & Oguzoncul, A. F. (2017) Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (11), 1635-1639. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017



Turabian Style

Nazik, Feyza, and Ayse Ferdane Oguzoncul. 2017. Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (11), 1635-1639. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017



Chicago Style

Nazik, Feyza, and Ayse Ferdane Oguzoncul. "Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1635-1639. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nazik, Feyza, and Ayse Ferdane Oguzoncul. "Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.11 (2017), 1635-1639. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nazik, F. & Oguzoncul, A. F. (2017) Depression and influencing factor in pregnancy: A community-based study. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 6 (11), 1635-1639. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0822725092017





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