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International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health

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Original Research Open Access


Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region

Sonika Sangra, Dinesh Kumar, Deepika Dewan, Ankush Sangra.

Abstract
Background: Adequate nutrition during infancy and early childhood are critical for the overall development of a child. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have direct bearing on nutritional status of children under 2 years of age, thereby impacting child survival.

Objectives: To assess and report core and optional indicators of IYCF practices using standardized the WHO formats from a representative sample of a rural community.

Materials and Methods: The present study was observational descriptive cross sectional in nature, conducted over a period of 6 months w.e.f October 2013-April 2014 in Block RS Pura which is a rural field practice area of Department of Community Medicine. Information from mothers of 300 children aged 0-23 months residing in eight randomly selected villages of Block RS Pura were interviewed in a house to house survey using standardized the WHO formats to assess core and optional indicators of IYCF practices.

Results: Some core indicators reflected poor feeding practices, for example, only about half (57.6%) of the children studied were initiated breastfeeding within 6 h after birth. Among those who were initiated early, nearly two-thirds (61.7%) were exclusively breastfed, and in as many as (58.1%), breastfeeding was continued till 1 year of age. Bottle feeding was observed in nearly half of the children studied (51.5%). Solid, semisolid, or soft foods were correctly introduced at 6-8 months in two-thirds of the (66.7%) of infants studied. Nearly, 6 out of 10 mothers maintained minimum meal frequency. Among optional indicators, the consumption of iron-rich or iron-fortified foods was quite infrequent (22%).

Conclusion: Figures for indicators of breastfeeding practices were better as compared to figures for indicators of infant feeding. Continued efforts to promote breastfeeding coupled with sustained focus beyond 6 months are needed to improve IYCF indicators.

Key words: Infant and Young Child Feeding; Community Based; Core and Optional Indicators


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sangra S, Kumar D, Dewan D, Sangra A. Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(11): 1603-1609. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017


Web Style

Sangra S, Kumar D, Dewan D, Sangra A. Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=276356 [Access: December 18, 2017]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sangra S, Kumar D, Dewan D, Sangra A. Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2017; 6(11): 1603-1609. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sangra S, Kumar D, Dewan D, Sangra A. Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2017), [cited December 18, 2017]; 6(11): 1603-1609. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017



Harvard Style

Sangra, S., Kumar, D., Dewan, D. & Sangra, A. (2017) Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 6 (11), 1603-1609. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017



Turabian Style

Sangra, Sonika, Dinesh Kumar, Deepika Dewan, and Ankush Sangra. 2017. Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (11), 1603-1609. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017



Chicago Style

Sangra, Sonika, Dinesh Kumar, Deepika Dewan, and Ankush Sangra. "Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6 (2017), 1603-1609. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sangra, Sonika, Dinesh Kumar, Deepika Dewan, and Ankush Sangra. "Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 6.11 (2017), 1603-1609. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sangra, S., Kumar, D., Dewan, D. & Sangra, A. (2017) Reporting of core and optional indicators of infant and young child feeding practices using standardized WHO formats from a rural population of Jammu region. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health , 6 (11), 1603-1609. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2017.0824721092017



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