E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists

Rakesh Balaji Waghmare, Seema Sanjay Bansode-Gokhe, Milind Madhukar Rasal.

Abstract
Background: Child marriage and early confinement is a long-established custom in India. The report of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights also mentioned the rising incidence of child marriage in urban girls as compared to rural girls.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the burden and determinants of child marriage and teenage pregnancy in urban slum area among women in the age group of 15–45 years.

Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional center-based study carried out on 382 women in the age group of 15–45 years over a period of 6 months in an urban field practice area of a tertiary medical college. Participants were interviewed by face-to-face interview method. Data were analyzed by SPSS software.

Results: Nearly 83.50% of the respondents belonged to Muslim religion, 29.32% had crossed their secondary education, and 83.50% were married. The mean age of marriage and first pregnancy was 16.99 ± 2.78 standard deviation (SD) and 18.81 ± 2.64 SD years, respectively. The mean age at marriage and at first child birth was less in Muslims and in those who studied <7th standard (P = 0.00). Similarly, home deliveries were noted more in Muslim women (35.50%) and in women who studied <7th standard (98.24%) (P = 0.00).

Conclusion: The study noted higher number of child marriages, especially among Muslim religion and understudied women. Women of urban areas are still delivering children in their adolescent age group. A community awareness program should be conducted for parents regarding the importance of girls’ education, age of marriage, and law.

Key words: Child Marriage; Teenage Pregnancy; Education; Urban Area


 
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Pubmed Style

Waghmare RB, Bansode-Gokhe SS, Rasal MM. A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 499-502. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018


Web Style

Waghmare RB, Bansode-Gokhe SS, Rasal MM. A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=294245 [Access: July 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Waghmare RB, Bansode-Gokhe SS, Rasal MM. A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2018; 7(6): 499-502. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Waghmare RB, Bansode-Gokhe SS, Rasal MM. A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2018), [cited July 18, 2018]; 7(6): 499-502. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018



Harvard Style

Waghmare, R. B., Bansode-Gokhe, S. S. & Rasal, M. M. (2018) A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 7 (6), 499-502. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018



Turabian Style

Waghmare, Rakesh Balaji, Seema Sanjay Bansode-Gokhe, and Milind Madhukar Rasal. 2018. A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 499-502. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018



Chicago Style

Waghmare, Rakesh Balaji, Seema Sanjay Bansode-Gokhe, and Milind Madhukar Rasal. "A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7 (2018), 499-502. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Waghmare, Rakesh Balaji, Seema Sanjay Bansode-Gokhe, and Milind Madhukar Rasal. "A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 7.6 (2018), 499-502. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Waghmare, R. B., Bansode-Gokhe, S. S. & Rasal, M. M. (2018) A cross-sectional study of sociodemographic determinants of child marriage in an urban slum of Mumbai city: The challenge persists. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 7 (6), 499-502. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2018.0308220032018





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