E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School

Thanan Makarabhirom.

Abstract
Background: The coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has rapidly emerged as a global pandemic that causes millions of deaths worldwide. It is transmitted from person to person by respiratory droplets and could cause fatigue, shortness of breath, and fever.

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess COVID-19 related knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior among high school students in Bangkok, Thailand.

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted using a cross sectional online survey among Harrow’s students Y 12–13. A total of 148 students participated. COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes toward COVID-19, and preventive behaviors were assessed. Differences between outcomes and socio-demographic were analyzed through independent t-test and the Analysis of variance. Preventive behaviors were analyzed by a generalized linear model.

Results: The undergraduate students showed a low knowledge about COVID-19, a mean of 6.38 (standard deviation [SD] = 1.69) questions in a total of 11. However, the result showed a standard level of attitude toward preventive behaviors on COVID-19 with an average score of 47.51 from a score range of 14–70 (SD = 4.45). Finally, preventive behaviors of participants were at a moderate level with an average score of 36.84 from a range from 12 to 60 (SD = 3.93). The data showed a statistically significant positive correlation between attitude toward preventive behavior on COVID-19 and COVID-19 preventive behavior (r = 0.351**, P = 0.01). From a generalized linear model, attitude toward preventive behavior on COVID-19 (Exp (B) = 0.394, Confidence interval [CI]: 0.212–.485, P < 0.05) and Gender (Exp (B) = 0.203, 95%, CI: 0.376–2.807, P < 0.05) can be a predictive factor for the preventive behavior of Harrow International school students.

Conclusions: The results assessed that Harrow international students had a lower level of COVID-19 general knowledge, but moderate level of attitude and preventive behavior. Moreover, it indicates that there is a causal relationship between attitude toward COVID-19 and preventive behaviors. Thus, attitudes toward COVID-19 are a major predictive factor of having preventive behaviors. Therefore, school and parents should always build awareness and provide safety to the students and remind students with rules that should be followed to secure them from risking of COVID-19.

Key words: Coronavirus Disease-19; Preventive Behavior; High School Students


 
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Pubmed Style

Thanan Makarabhirom. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(2): 262-268. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021


Web Style

Thanan Makarabhirom. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School. https://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=109328 [Access: April 05, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thanan Makarabhirom. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(2): 262-268. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thanan Makarabhirom. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2021), [cited April 05, 2022]; 10(2): 262-268. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021



Harvard Style

Thanan Makarabhirom (2021) Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 10 (2), 262-268. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021



Turabian Style

Thanan Makarabhirom. 2021. Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (2), 262-268. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021



Chicago Style

Thanan Makarabhirom. "Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10 (2021), 262-268. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thanan Makarabhirom. "Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10.2 (2021), 262-268. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thanan Makarabhirom (2021) Knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior toward COVID-19 of high school students in Bangkok, Thailand: A study among students in Harrow International School. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (2), 262-268. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.08085202124112021





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