E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas.

Abstract
Background: Several factors put India in danger of experiencing rapid spread of HIV if effective prevention and control measures are not scaled up throughout the country.

Aims & Objective: (1) To assess the level of basic knowledge about HIV/AIDS among the study population; (2) To analyze the HIV testing among them.

Material and Methods: It was a cross sectional study carried out during April –May, 2010 amongst 3125 subjects of high risk groups (HRGs) comprising of IDUs (Injectable Drug Users), Female Sex workers (FSWs), MSMs (Male having Sex with Males) and Single Male Migrants (SMMs) covered by 13 Targeted Interventions (TIs) of Ahmedabad city. Ten percent of registered HRGs were assessed by systematic sampling. Data was analyzed using Epi info version 3.5.1.

Results: Mean age of HRGs was 28.69 years and about half of HRGs were educated up to primary standard. More than half of them were married.85% HRGs had heard of HIV and 51% correctly knew what HIV positive means. Knowledge about AIDS was 76% and understanding of AIDS was 66% among them .About 38% HRGs knew that HIV is infectious and 72.8% knew that HIV is incurable. About 65% HRGs knew that there is no effective vaccine for HIV. About 65% HRGs had been tested ever tested and in last 6 months about 52.2% of HRGs were tested for HIV. Age and education were statistically significantly associated with the knowledge about incurability of HIV, non-existence of vaccine, and ever testing of HIV and in last six months also with disclosure of HIV positive status. Additionally age was also statistically significantly associated with infectious nature of HIV.

Conclusion: Young and literate HRGs are better aware about the disease and are more concerned about their HIV
status. They are also more open about disclosing their HIV/AIDS status.

Key words: High Risk Groups (HRGs); Male having Sex with Males (MSMs); HIV/AIDS


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Bhavna Puwar
Articles by Vaibhavi Patel
Articles by Sheetal Vyas
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1.The World Bank: working for world free of poverty. HIV/AIDS in India. Available from: URL: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2012/07/10/hiv-aids-india
2.World Health Organization, UNAIDS & UNICEF. Global HIV/AIDS RESPONSE: Epidemic update and health sector progress towards Universal Access – Progress Report 2011. Available from: URL: http://www.unaids.org/en/media/unaids/contentassets/documents/unaidspublication/2011/20111130_ua_report_en.pdf
3.Mullany LC, Maung C, Beyrer C. HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and practices among Burmese migrant factory workers in Tak Province, Thailand. AIDS Care. 2003;15(1):63-70. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4.National Behavioural Surveillance Survey (BSS). Female Sex Workers and their Clients. National AIDS Control Organisation, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. 2006. Available from: URL: http://www.nacoonline.org/upload/NACO%20PDF/Female_Sex_Workers_(FSWs)_and_Their_Clients.pdf
5.National Centre for AIDS and STD Control. ASHA Project. Integrated Biological and Behavioral Surveillance (IBBS) Survey among Injecting Drugs Users in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Round V – 2011. Available from: URL: http://aidsdatahub.org/dmdocuments/IBBS_2011_IDU_Kathmandu.pdf
6.Lau JT, Tsui HY, Siah PC, Zhang KL. A study on female sex workers in southern China (Shenzhen): HIV-related knowledge, condom use and STD history: AIDS Care 2002;14(2):219-33. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7.He N, Zhang J, Yao J, Tian X, Zhao G, Jiang Q, et al Knowledge, attitudes, and practices of voluntary HIV counseling and testing among rural migrants in Shanghai, China. AIDS EducPrev 2009;21(6):570-81. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
8.Liu S, Wang K, Yao S, Guo X, Liu Y, Wang B. Knowledge and risk behaviours related to HIV/AIDS, and their association with information resource among men who have sex with men in Heilongjiang province, China. BMC Public Health 2010;10:250. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131


Web Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population. https://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=40889 [Access: April 05, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited April 05, 2022]; 2(4): 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131



Harvard Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas (2013) Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (4), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131



Turabian Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas. 2013. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131



Chicago Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas. "Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas. "Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.4 (2013), 1017-1020. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bhavna Puwar, Vaibhavi Patel, Sheetal Vyas (2013) Knowledge of HIV/AIDS and HIV testing among the high risk groups (HRGs) population. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 1017-1020. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.180720131





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 61 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142
    Cited : 26 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore
    Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 641-645
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.220420131
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Examination stress and its effect on EEG
    Sunil Kumar Jena
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(11): 1493-1497
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.23042015308
    Cited : 23 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 21 times [Click to see citing articles]