E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel.

Abstract
Background: Soft tissue sarcomas, compared with carcinomas and other neoplasms, are relatively rare and constitute
less than 1% of all cancers. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) especially a panel approach is an important adjunct to
histopathological morphology and plays an important role in Soft tissue sarcoma diagnosis and accurate typing.

Aims & Objective: Current study is to evaluate the utility of histopathology and immunohistochemistry in soft tissue
sarcoma diagnosis and accurate typing.

Material and Methods: Total of 50 cases of soft tissue sarcoma studied from January 2010 to October 2012. All cases
were reported using routine (H&E) Hematoxylin- eosin stain and other ancillary techniques including panel approach
of immunohistochemistry.

Results: Histomorphology confirmed diagnosis in 22 % cases. In 78 % cases it was contributory to IHC. IHC provide
confirmative diagnosis (Single diagnosis) in 45 cases (90%), definitive diagnosis (with two possibilities) in 4 cases
(8%) and noncontributory in 1case (2%).

Conclusion: Despite the rapid development of molecular genetic techniques, IHC still remains the most important
diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of soft tissue tumours aside from recognition of morphologic features and clinical
correlation. One of its major utilities is to correctly identify a tumour as mesenchymal or nonmesenchymal origin and
then accurate typing done according to specific cell lineage. IHC is specifically useful in tumours of uncertain cell
lineage and primitive round cell tumours. Indeed IHC has brought Brown revolution in sarcoma diagnosis and accurate
typing. But important not to forget histopathology which provide the basic platform for the panel approach of IHC.

Key words: Soft Tissue Sarcoma; Histomorphology; Immunohistochemistry


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel. Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 980-987. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131


Web Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel. Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma. https://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=41005 [Access: April 05, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel. Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 980-987. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel. Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited April 05, 2022]; 2(4): 980-987. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131



Harvard Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel (2013) Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (4), 980-987. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131



Turabian Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel. 2013. Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 980-987. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131



Chicago Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel. "Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 980-987. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel. "Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.4 (2013), 980-987. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Vasudha Bhagat, Kumarbhargav Kaptan, Reena Dudhat, Sonal Italiya, Hemali Tailor, Amita Patel (2013) Adjunctive role of immunohistochemistry to traditional histomorphology in diagnosis and accurate typing of soft tissue sarcoma. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 980-987. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.160720131





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