E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi, Jagdish Virabhai Patel.

Abstract
Background: Epidemic dropsy is food born disease. The etiological agent responsible for epidemic dropsy is sanguinarine and found in seeds of argemone mexicana. Epidemic dropsy has been reported from time to time in various parts of India. This outbreak of epidemic dropsy was reported in Panchmahal district of Gujarat in 2012.

Objectives: 1.To identify etiological agent, source of outbreak and mode of transmission.2. To propose control measures based on the outbreak investigation.

Material and method: A community based cross section study in Dholkhakhara village was carried out by rapid response team (RRT) of medical college Vadodara. Data was collected through (1) in-depth interview of cases (2) case records of government and private health facilities (3) a house to house survey of Dholkhakhara village.

Result: Attack rate of epidemic dropsy was 9.12 per 1000 population. Highest attack rate was 19.46 per 1000 population in 11-20 years of age group. Case fatality rate was 7.69%.

Conclusion: It was sudden onset; common source outbreak of epidemic dropsy. Cause of outbreak was ingestion of contaminated mustard oil with poppy seeds (argemone mexicana).

Key words: Argemone Mexicana; Case Fatality Rate; Dropsy; Outbreak


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel. Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1006-1010. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131


Web Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel. Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012. https://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=41627 [Access: April 05, 2022]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel. Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1006-1010. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel. Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2013), [cited April 05, 2022]; 2(4): 1006-1010. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131



Harvard Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel (2013) Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 2 (4), 1006-1010. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131



Turabian Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel. 2013. Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 1006-1010. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131



Chicago Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel. "Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2 (2013), 1006-1010. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel. "Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 2.4 (2013), 1006-1010. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alpesh shankerlal Patel, Shripad Rameshrao Kausadikar, Ranchhod Nareshbhai Nakum, Rajendra Krishnkant Baxi , Jagdish Virabhai Patel (2013) Outbreak investigation of epidemic dropsy in Panchmahal district of Gujarat, 2012. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 2 (4), 1006-1010. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2013.070820131





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