E-ISSN 2277-338X | ISSN 2320-4664
 

Original Research 


Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India

Parul Bansal, Jaishree Murli Manoher.

Abstract
Background: The Coronavirus disease (COVID)-19 pandemic has resulted in an increase in the trend of continuing education through virtual mode in the form of online training and classes to benefit the medical students. This has led to an increase in the esthenopic symptoms among medical students.

Objectives: This survey aims to find out the prevalence of ocular and extraocular effects of online classes provided by means of Google E classrooms which were started in mid-April month of year 2020 during lockdown.

Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, conducted among medical students who are persuing MBBS in a medical college. The data were collected over a period of 4 months with the means of a questionnaire filled by medical students (mean age 22.06 years) through online platform. This study does not involve administration of any kind of drug to any human being; hence, the scientific committee of our department has approved this study without any need of an ethical clearance. P value was calculated by SPSS software to analyze the data.

Results: Sample size was of 200 students, 52.5% of whom were females. The statistical analysis revealed that the eye fatigue (P = 0.00), watering of eyes (P = 0.01), burning or itching sensation (P = 0.01), and headache (P = 0.006) were the most significant ocular symptoms experienced by medical students. Whereas among systemic symptoms, day time sleepiness (P = 0.001) and shoulder ache (P = 0.02) were most commonly experienced by medical students.

Conclusion: The upcoming trend of education through online classes due to COVID-19 lockdown has caused an increase in ocular and extraocular symptoms among medical students, which needs to be managed properly.

Key words: Coronavirus disease-19; Lockdown; Ocular Symptoms


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Parul Bansal
Articles by Jaishree Murli Manoher
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Bansal P, Manoher JM. Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 114-117. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021


Web Style

Bansal P, Manoher JM. Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India. http://www.ijmsph.com/?mno=72910 [Access: September 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Bansal P, Manoher JM. Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2021; 10(1): 114-117. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Bansal P, Manoher JM. Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. (2021), [cited September 01, 2021]; 10(1): 114-117. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021



Harvard Style

Bansal, P. & Manoher, . J. M. (2021) Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India. Int J Med Sci Public Health, 10 (1), 114-117. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021



Turabian Style

Bansal, Parul, and Jaishree Murli Manoher. 2021. Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 114-117. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021



Chicago Style

Bansal, Parul, and Jaishree Murli Manoher. "Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10 (2021), 114-117. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Bansal, Parul, and Jaishree Murli Manoher. "Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India." International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health 10.1 (2021), 114-117. Print. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Bansal, P. & Manoher, . J. M. (2021) Survey of ocular and extraocular symptoms in medical students due to online classes due to coronavirus disease-19 lockdown in North West India. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health, 10 (1), 114-117. doi:10.5455/ijmsph.2021.04032202119062021





Most Viewed Articles
  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11

  • Diabetic nephropathy: Progression and pathophysiology
    Deepak N Parchwani, Amit A Upadhyah
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2012; 1(2): 59-70
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2012.1.59-70

  • Elevated levels of serum uric acid, creatinine or urea in preeclamptic women
    Magna Manjareeka, Sitikantha Nanda
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 43-47
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.43-47

  • Most Downloaded
  • Minor disorder of pregnancy and its home management
    Lata Gururani, Atul Kumar, Gomathi Mahalingam
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(4): 684-687
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.03082015111

  • Association between serum ferritin and thyroid hormone profile in hypothyroidism
    Ashuma Sachdeva, Veena Singh, Isha Malik, Prasanta Saha Roy, Himanshu Madaan, Rajesh Nair
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2015; 4(6): 863-865
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2015.24012015174

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142

  • Effect of sleep deprivation on the attitude and performance of medical students, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    Hussein Saad Amin, Ibrahim Salamah Almazroua, Abdullah Sulaiman Alsahlan, Mohammed Abdullah Alrishan, Houssam Mourad Elmourad, Mohammed Mansour Alotaibi, Abdulaziz Ibrahim Almohaisin
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016; 5(3): 575-580
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2016.17112015207

  • Management of Appendicular Lump: Early exploration Vs conservative management
    Chandra Prakash Pandey, Ram Chandra Kesharwani, Chandra Gopal Singh Chauhan, Manmohan Krishna Pandey, Purnima Mittra, Pramod Kumar, Arshad Raza
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(4): 1046-1049
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.230820131

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Zinc: The trace element of major importance in human nutrition and health
    Jayant D Deshpande, Mohini M Joshi, Purushottam A Giri
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 1-6
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.1-6
    Cited : 43 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Burden of non communicable diseases in India: Setting priority for action
    Kalpa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 7-11
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.7-11
    Cited : 18 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • A study on the prevalence of refractive errors among school childern of 7-15 years age group in the field practice areas of a medical college in bangalore
    Pavithra MB, Maheshwaran R, Rani Sujatha MA
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(3): 641-645
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.220420131
    Cited : 16 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Internet addiction among professional courses students: A study from central India
    Arvind Sharma, Rupesh Sahu, Pradeep Kumar Kasar, Richa Sharma
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014; 3(9): 1069-1073
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2014.180620142
    Cited : 15 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Design of fuzzy expert system for diagnosis of cardiac diseases
    Smita Sushil Sikchi , Sushil Sikchi , M S ALI
    Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2013; 2(1): 56-61
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/ijmsph.2013.2.56-61
    Cited : 15 times [Click to see citing articles]